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Essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School

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a plus essays The remainder of this essay writing tutorial is for scholarships based on help of Central Florida a short sample #039;divorce essay#039; (about 1,000 words). To complete all of the associated tasks, it is easiest if you have the sample essay in front of for scholarships Heritage you. A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out news (INTO) clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in for scholarships Heritage School, the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997). An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to to writing an essay critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the #039;divorce phenomenon#039; and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for rising divorce has focused on changes in laws relating to marriage.

For example, Bilton, Bonnett and Jones (1987) argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable. It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of marital instability. They suggest that changes in the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with #039;access to a legal solution to essay writing for scholarships Heritage School pre-existent marital problems#039; (p.301). Bilton et al. therefore believe that changes in divorce rates can be best explained in terms of changes in with for university University of Central, the legal system. The problem with this type of explanation however, is that it does not consider why these laws have changed in the first place. It could be argued that reforms to American Heritage School family law, as well as the increased rate of divorce that has accompanied them, are the product of more fundamental changes in society. Another type of review articles University explanation is one that focuses precisely on these broad societal changes. For example, Nicky Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995) argues that increases in divorce and marital breakdown are the essay writing for scholarships School, result of economic changes that have affected the family. One example of these changes is the raised material aspirations of families, which Hart suggests has put pressure on both spouses to become wage earners. With Writing For University Of Central? Women as a result have been forced to become both homemakers and economic providers.

According to Hart, the contradiction of these two roles has lead to essay for scholarships American School conflict and this is the main cause of marital breakdown. It would appear that Hart#039;s explanation cannot account for all cases of divorce - for example, marital breakdown is liable to occur in families where only the husband is working. Nevertheless, her approach, which is to relate changes in family relations to broader social forces, would seem to be more probing than one that looks only at legislative change. The two explanations described above have very different implications for social policy, especially in physics Les Roches International School, relation to how the problem of increasing marital instability might be dealt with. Bilton et al. (1995) offer a legal explanation and hence would see the solutions also being determined in this domain. If rises in divorce are thought to be the consequence of liberal divorce laws, the obvious way to stem this rise is to American School make them less obtainable. This approach, one imagines, would lead to a reduction in divorce statistics; however, it cannot really be held up as a genuine solution to journal University Amsterdam Foundation the problems of marital stress and breakdown in society. Indeed it would seem to essay writing for scholarships School be a solution directed more at symptoms than addressing fundamental causes. Furthermore, the experience of writing Independent College social workers, working in the area of family welfare suggests that restricting a couple#039;s access to writing School divorce would in some cases serve only to exacerbate existing marital problems (Johnson, 1981). In those cases where violence is involved, the consequences could be tragic.

Apart from all this, returning to more restrictive divorce laws seems to be a solution little favoured by Australians. (Harrison, 1990). Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995), writing from a Marxist-feminist position, traces marital conflict to changes in the capitalist economic system and their resultant effect on the roles of men and write news State University, women. It is difficult to know however, how such an analysis might be translated into practical social policies. This is because the Hart program would appear to writing for scholarships School require in the first place a radical restructuring of the economic system. Whilst this may be desirable for modern Marbella Management, some, it is not achievable in the present political climate. Hart is right however, to suggest that much marital conflict can be linked in some way to the economic circumstances of families. Essay American Heritage School? This is borne out in help for university of Central, many statistical surveys which show consistently that rates of divorce are higher among socially disadvantaged families (McDonald, 1993). This situation suggests then that social policies need to be geared to providing support and security for essay writing, these types of families. It is Colorado State (INTO) little cause for essay writing for scholarships School, optimism however, that in with essay writing, recent years governments of Heritage all persuasions have shown an increasing reluctance to fund social welfare programs of this kind. It is difficult to offer a comprehensive explanation for the growing trend of marital breakdown; and it is even more difficult to find solutions that might ameliorate the problems created by review articles Foundation Campus, it. Clearly though, as I have argued in this essay, the most useful answers are to be found not within a narrow legal framework, but within a broader socio-economic one.

Finally, it is writing School worth pointing out for university University Florida that, whilst we may appear to be living in a time of essay American Heritage increased family instability, research suggests that historically, instability may have been the norm rather than the exception. As Bell and Zajdow (1997) point out, in the past, single parent and step families were more common than is assumed - although the disruptive influence then was not divorce, but the premature death of one or both parents. This situation suggests that in studying the modern family, one needs to employ a historical perspective, including the possibility of looking to the past in searching for ways of dealing with problems in the present. Help Essay For University University Of Central? Australian Bureau of Statistics (1996). Divorces, Australia . Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. Bell, R. and G. Zajdow (1997) Family and essay writing for scholarships School, household.

In R. Jureidini, S. Review Foundation Campus? Kenny and M. Poole (eds). Essay Writing For Scholarships Heritage School? Sociology: Australian Connections . St Leonards. NSW: Allen and Unwin. Bilton, T., K. Modern Les Roches International School? Bonnett and P. Jones (1987). Introductory Sociology , 2nd edition. London: MacMillan. Haralambos, M. (1995).

Sociology: Themes and Perspectives , 3rd edition. London: Bell and Hyman. Harrison, M. (1995). Grounds for divorce. Family Matters . No 42 pp 34-35. Johnson, V. (1981). The Last Resort: A Women#039;s Refuge . Ringwood: Penguin.

Kilmartin, C. (1997). Children divorce and one-parent families. Family Matters . No. 48. ( Available On-line ) McDonald, P. (1993). Essay For Scholarships American School? Family Trends and Structure in Australia . Australian Family Briefings No 3. Melbourne: Australian Institute of write news article State University Family Studies.

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Public Debt And Its Political Implications Economics Essay. The debt bound or so called debt ceiling is the entire amount of money that the US authorities is allowed to essay writing for scholarships Heritage School borrow in order to news article Colorado cover the bing outgos: national defence, involvement on the national debt, Medicaid and Medicare benefits and essay for scholarships American Heritage School other outgos. The debt bound enables the authorities to cover the disbursement that was negotiated between United states congresss and write article University (INTO) Presidents in the yesteryear. However, it does non use for new, unbudgeted outgos. If the American School debt ceiling limits the authorities to pay for outgos that are legal duties ( e.g. involvement on the national debt, authorities employee rewards, etc. Physics Les Roches Marbella Of Hotel? ) , the debt ceiling can take to the default of the US ( US Department of the Treasury, 2012 ) . The U.S. Essay For Scholarships School? Debt-Ceiling Crisis and the Budget Control Act of 2011.

In May 2011, the Treasury declared that the debt ceiling of US $ 14.29 trillion had been reached, but that “ extraordinary steps ” could forestall a default and maintain authorities operational. For several months after this proclamation, the help with essay writing University of Central debt ceiling was in writing for scholarships School, the centre of a political conflict between the articles University Amsterdam Foundation Campus Republicans, who controlled the writing for scholarships American House of Representatives since the 2010 elections, and President Obama and the Democrats who controlled the Senate. Journal Articles University Amsterdam Campus? The Republicans insisted on gross additions and disbursement cuts as status for their blessing of an addition in Heritage, the debt ceiling. Both parties could non come to a via media and by the terminal of July, the state ‘s default approached. Finally, an understanding between President Obama and Congressional leaders was reached by the dark of July 31, 2011 ( Eells, 2013 ) . On August 2, 2011, President Obama signed the Budget Control Act ( BCA ) that raised the debt ceiling and therefore averted the looming, first-ever US authorities default. The Budget Control Act authorized the addition of the review Amsterdam Foundation Campus debt bound in three installments. First, the President can necessitate the immediate addition of the debt bound by essay for scholarships Heritage School US $ 400 billion. Second, the debt bound can be increased by writing a newspaper article Chelsea Independent extra US $ 500 billion, if a joint declaration of disapproval is writing for scholarships School non enacted.

Third, the President can necessitate an extra sum between US $ 1.2 trillion and US $ 1.5 trillion that is besides the topic to congressional disapproval ( Heniff et al. , 2011 ) . The first two debt additions, numbering US $ 900 billion, should be compensated by decreases in future federal disbursement. The BCA besides determined caps on one-year outgos over the undermentioned 10 old ages. Estimates on journal University of Amsterdam — Amsterdam federal disbursement decreases by for scholarships American School the Congressional Budget Office ( CBO ) totaled US $ 917 billion. For the old ages 2012 and 2013, the bounds on security and non-security disbursement are separate. For the eight old ages thenceforth, the disbursement cap will be effectual on a individual discretional class ( Heniff et al. , 2011 ) . Another portion of the BCA was the journal of Amsterdam — Foundation constitution of a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. This Committee is for scholarships School tasked with suggesting agencies to cut down the federal shortage by at least US $ 1.5 trillion over the following 10 old ages.

As a consequence, the BCA provides at help with writing for university University of Central, least one dollar of for scholarships Heritage School, disbursement cuts for one dollar in review articles University of Amsterdam — Amsterdam, debt ceiling rise ( Heniff et al. , 2011 ) . However, if the Joint Committee fails to bring forth disbursement cuts of at essay writing American, least US $ 1.2 trillion, so the President will be authorized to increase the debt ceiling by US $ 1.2 trillion that need to be compensated by a combination of the disbursement cuts however produced by the Joint Committee and all-embracing disbursement cuts, including military outgos, instruction, transit, Medicare etc. An Essay School? ( GAO, 2012 ) . The political conflict between Republicans and Democrats had several negative effects. The holds in raising the debt bound in 2011 resulted in extra adoption costs for for scholarships Heritage the Treasury of about US $ 1.3 billion merely in the financial twelvemonth 2011, which do non include the multiyear effects on writing article Chelsea potentially increased involvement disbursals for Treasury securities of future issues. Other challenges for writing the Treasury in pull offing the federal debt under the effects of these holds were the complexness, the clip spent and the proficient issues that arose before the staff. Furthermore, the Treasury ‘s employees had to concentrate on extraordinary actions alternatively of concentrating on news article Colorado (INTO) its of import debt and essay writing hard currency direction duties and staff development ( GAO, 2012 ) . The US debt passed the 100 % -of-GDP grade after the authorities ‘s debt ceiling was increased. The new adoption enlarged the US debt to US $ 14.58 trillion, exceling the US $ 14.53 trillion size of the U.S. economic system in the twelvemonth 2010 and an essay School traveling the for scholarships USA into a financial state of an essay, affairs similar to states whose public debt is higher than their one-year gross domestic merchandise: Japan ( 229 % ) , Greece ( 152 % ) , Italy ( 120 % ) , Ireland ( 114 % ) and Iceland ( 103 % ) . The last clip the essay writing Heritage School U.S. debt exceeded GDP was in 1947 after World War II and the shortage was due to extraordinary war disbursement ( Money News, 2011 ) . As a consequence of the debt addition, Standard #038; A ; Poor ‘s ( S #038; A ; P ) downgraded its USA long-run crowned head recognition evaluation from ‘AAA ‘ to ‘AA+ ‘ on August 5, 2011. The lowering of the long-run crowned head recognition evaluation by S #038; A ; P reflects the evaluation bureau ‘s believe that the “ the effectivity, stableness, and predictability of American policymaking and political establishments have weakened at a clip of ongoing financial and economic challenges to a grade more than was envisioned when bureau assigned a negative mentality to the evaluation on April 18, 2011 ” ( Swann et al. , 2011 ) . S #038; A ; P believed that the financial consolidation program that was agreed by write news article State University (INTO) Congress and the President was non sufficient to stabilise the general authorities debt load by 2015. Additionally, the political places of Republicans and Democrats were still far apart and the two parties merely agreed on minor nest eggs in discretional outgos. Essay For Scholarships School? The Select Committee had to supply more comprehensive solutions. The political differences diminished the authorities ‘s capableness to pull off public fundss and distrait attending from the ultimate ends of a more balanced budget and betterment in economic growing. S #038; A ; P ‘s chance on the long-run evaluation is unfavourable.

The bureau can even diminish the long-run evaluation to ‘AA ‘ , if, for case, the US authorities cuts its disbursement less than was negotiated or the new originating financial loads over the following two twelvemonth period. The other two major evaluation bureaus, Moody ‘s and 5 steps to writing an essay Millfield Fitch, kept their top recognition evaluations, although they pointed out that downgrades could follow if the US authorities fails to essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School implement debt decrease steps or an economic lag happened ( Detrixhe, 2011 ) . After raising the journal review articles Amsterdam debt bound to essay writing for scholarships Heritage School US $ 15.2 trillion in August 2011, Congress increased the debt bound to US $ 16.394 trillion in January 2012. By the terminal of August 2012, the journal University Amsterdam Campus sum of debt reached US $ 15.977 trillion, which is about US $ 417 billion below the debt bound. For Scholarships? As the authorities borrows approximately between US $ 100 billion and US $ 125 billion a month, the modern of Hotel debt was estimated to hit the bound in December 2012 ( Sahadi, 2012 ) . By December 31, 2012, the USA reached its debt ceiling, but the Treasury declared that it can pay outstanding debt duties and other measures for the following two months. This means that a new political conflict, between Congress and the White House, for another addition in essay American Heritage, the debt ceiling will get down in the close hereafter. Effectss of the write (INTO) US authorities closures in 1995-1996. In 2011, the US authorities was near to defaulting on essay writing School its public debt. The possible negative effects of a default are more terrible than that of a closure.

Nevertheless, recent closures can give an illustration of possible harmful effects of writing a newspaper, such financial issues on the public and essay writing American School economic system. In history, the US authorities has experienced several closures ( Figure XY ) that occurred when Congress fails to set support for the current financial duties. In this state of affairs the authorities can no longer borrow financess, but the federal authorities can go on Les Roches Marbella School of Hotel to run, given the Treasury has the chance to bring forth extra grosss or to implement particular steps. Nevertheless, the go oning incapableness to Heritage School borrow would ensue in a default ( Masters, 2013 ) . Figure XY. Appropriations Funding Gaps: Fiscal Old ages 1977-1998. Figure: Appropriations Funding Gaps ( Source: U.S.

Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service ) The longest US authorities closure was a closure in the old ages 1995-1996. The U.S. authorities was shut down for essay Valley 21 yearss between the December 16, 1995 and writing for scholarships January 6th, 1996 due to the budgetary mismatches between Democratic President Bill Clinton and Republican Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich. Help Writing For University University Florida? In 1995, Clinton denied to cut steeply Medicaid, Medicare and essay American other non-defense outgos for review articles University of Amsterdam — Foundation Campus the 1996 budget. Gingrich responded with the menace that Congress would non O.K. the addition in the debt ceiling. This would take the USA to default on its outstanding debt. Essay Writing For Scholarships American? The first closure lasted five yearss from November 13 until 19 when both parties made an understanding to equilibrate the with for university of Central Florida budget in seven old ages period. However, the White House and Congress could non hold how this process would be accomplished ensuing in the 2nd US closure for 21 yearss. Negotiations between the essay for scholarships American Heritage President and Congress over the following 21 yearss resulted in the in Valley School, agreement seven-year balanced budget program.

The program consisted of the revenue enhancement additions and the small disbursement cuts ( Fiscal Politics #038; A ; Policy from 1970s to essay for scholarships the Present ) . Gressle ( 1999 ) showed the effects of the US authorities closure on the public and Valley economic system. Essay Writing For Scholarships? The first and the 2nd closures in 1995-1996 old ages resulted in the furlough of an articles Amsterdam estimated 800’000 and 284’000 federal employees severally. The 2nd closure had huge effects on all sectors of the economic system. A good illustration is the essay writing for scholarships American Heritage wellness attention sector where new patients were non accepted into journal articles, National Institute of essay writing American, Health ( HIN ) Clinical Center and the hotline calls to write news article State University (INTO) HIN sing wellness jobs were non answered. Around 20’000-30’000 appliers for US visa were non served each twenty-four hours ensuing in million dollar losingss for air hoses and tourer industries. The closing of 368 National Parks led to the loss of 7 million visitants and US $ 14.2 million per for scholarships American Heritage, twenty-four hours in touristry income by locals. After the 1995-1996 closures, President Clinton improved his image ( Lader, 2008 ) . The bulk of Americans understood that both closures were due to the Republican stubbornness. Essay Fountain School? Nevertheless, the closures in 1995-1996 showed the wakes of divided authorities and the displacement of the political policy to the rightwing. There are a batch of looks for the issue frequently called financial drop: financial incline, asceticism crisis or financial obstruction class. However, all of them describe the same procedure, peculiarly, the automatic revenue enhancement additions and disbursement cuts that take consequence on January 1, 2013.

However, the first individual who popularized the term “ financial drop ” was the president of the Federal Reserve, Ben Bernanke. The president used this look in a address to a congressional commission in February 2012 in mention to essay writing for scholarships American Heritage a combination of disbursement cuts and revenue enhancement additions set for January 1, 2013. Afterwards, the phrase was used widespread ( Geoghegan, 2012 ) . The bulk of analysts predict that the 5 steps to writing Millfield execution of the revenue enhancement and essay writing American School disbursement cuts on January 1, 2013 will hold no important influence on the economic system as a whole in writing a newspaper article College, the short tally. At the essay writing same clip, the long-run effects of these steps would be enormous. If a trade can non be reached by the White House and Congress, it might hold unsure effects on the economic system such as a market terror, a bead in consumer disbursement, a lessening in concern investings, etc. The Congressional Budget Office calculated that the budget shortage would diminish by US $ 0.5 trillion from 2012 to 2013 and the economic system would decelerate down due to essay arguments Valley a resulting recession.

Almost all Americans would see a rise of their revenue enhancement measures with the estimated addition at essay for scholarships Heritage, US $ 3’500 and an after-tax income diminution by 6.2 % for the mean household ( Lowrey, 2012 ) . On Tuesday January 1, 2013, Congress approved a trade to stop the long partizan difference over the financial drop. The chief alterations that were set were “ the terminal of last old ages ‘ impermanent paysheet revenue enhancement cuts ( ensuing in a 2 % revenue enhancement addition for workers ) , the 5 steps to writing an essay Millfield School terminal of certain revenue enhancement interruptions for concerns, displacements in the alternate minimal revenue enhancement that would take a larger bite, a push back of the “ Bush revenue enhancement cuts ” from 2001-2003, and the beginning of revenue enhancements related to President Obama ‘s wellness attention jurisprudence. At the essay for scholarships American Heritage School same clip, the disbursement cuts agreed upon to writing an essay Millfield School, as portion of the debt ceiling trade of 2011 will get down to for scholarships School travel into consequence ” ( Kenny, 2013 ) . The understanding leads to the addition of the revenue enhancement rate from 35 % to 39.6 % for individual individuals who earn US $ 400’000 and for twosomes with an income above US $ 450’000 per School, twelvemonth. Essay For Scholarships American Heritage School? Americans should besides pay higher revenue enhancements on dividends and capital additions with the revenue enhancement rate lifting from 15 % to 20 % . Besides, the revenue enhancement for estates with a value above US $ 5 million will be taxed by help essay writing 40 % ( old rate 35 % ) , but Republicans succeeded in indexing the threshold of US $ 5 million to rising prices and therefore smoothing the effects of the estate revenue enhancement for affluent Americans ( Ungar, 2013 ) . Among other alterations were the Heritage School extension of an extra twelvemonth of unemployment benefits for about 2 million Americans, the “ physician hole ” related to Medicare and journal articles Foundation Campus revenue enhancement credits for college tuition that were extended for another five old ages ( Ungar, 2013 ) . The understanding prevents a important addition of essay writing for scholarships American School, income revenue enhancement for article University around 100 million American households that earn less than US $ 250’000 yearly. However, the 2 % paysheet revenue enhancement cut, that was originally portion of the 2009 stimulation bundle, will run out ( Montgomery and Helderman, 2013 ) . Writing Heritage School? The above steps will forestall the terrible economic downswing that could go on in instance of traveling over the financial drop. President Obama pointed out in his brief statement that the new steps would bring forth US $ 620 billion in new revenue enhancement grosss ( Montgomery and Helderman, 2013 ) . In decision, the new steps that were set to avoid the financial drop were non the ultimate end of neither Republicans nor Democrats. Republicans are non satisfied with the essay Valley of Colorado revenue enhancement additions and the deficiency of disbursement decreases, while Democrats complain about the commissariats sing estates. It seems that the political difference will go on in the close hereafter and the understanding signed on December 31, 2012 was merely a short-run hole to avoid the financial drop.

Foreign Retentions of US Public Debt and its Political Deductions. A important point in analysing the current state of affairs of US public debt and its political deductions is the essay American elaborate apprehension of foreign retentions. As of July 2012 ( most recent information ) , foreign states owned a sum of US dollar 5.4 trillion of write State, U.S. debt, which is about 34 % of entire debt outstanding of essay for scholarships Heritage School, US dollar 15.9 trillion. The three largest individual foreign holders are the journal review of Amsterdam — Foundation Campus cardinal Bankss of essay writing School, China, Japan and Brazil. Comparing the state of affairs in July 2012 with the province in July 2002, one can see that the proportion of foreign retentions in US public debt outstanding has grown from a newspaper, about 19 % to writing for scholarships Heritage 34 % ( Treasury Direct, 2012 ) . Write Article State University? Figure Xy shows that as of July 2012, China is the largest individual holder of US public debt with a portion of about 7.2 % followed by writing American Heritage School Japan with a corresponding portion of approximately 7.0 % ( US Department of the Treasury, 2012 ) . Figure: Foreign Holdings of physics Les Roches of Hotel, US Public Debt ( Source: Treasury Direct, 2012 #038; A ; U.S. Department of the Treasury, 2012 ) Given its low nest eggs rate, the US economic system is strongly dependent on foreign capital influxs from states with high nest eggs rates ( for essay American Heritage illustration China [ 1 ] ) to run into its domestic investing demands and to fund the federal budget shortage. Physics Marbella International School Of Hotel? Important to understand is that the willingness of for scholarships American Heritage, foreign states to put in write article Colorado, the US economic system and to buy US public debt has helped to maintain US existent involvement rates comparatively low in the yesteryear, which until late, contributed to a great extent to a fast US economic growing and Heritage School enabled the essay Valley School of Colorado state to devour more that it produces for a long clip. American School? Some celebrated economic experts besides argue that the US dependence on foreign nest eggs was a conducive factor to the US subprime crisis and news article University the subsequent planetary fiscal crisis. However, the size and the recent growing of US public debt have raised concerns about the willingness of foreign states to go on to put in US public debt securities. For illustration, some Chinese analysts claimed that the authorities should diversify its militias off from US dollar assets into assets of other currencies. An of import short-run political deduction of China ‘s big retentions in US public debt is that, if China might all of a sudden make up one’s mind to essay sell a big portion of its retentions, this would bring on other foreign investors to modern physics Marbella School of Hotel sell off their retentions as good, which could dramatically destabilise the US economic system.

Possible effects can be the essay writing American depreciation of the US dollar as its supply on foreign exchange markets increased and a big addition in US involvement rates as a important beginning of support for investings and (INTO) the budget shortage is withdrawn from fiscal markets ( Morrison and Labonte, 2012 ) . Therefore, China seems presently able to destabilise the US economic system through the sale of a big portion of its US debt retentions, which can be seen as a “ fiscal arm ” ( Sandbrook, 2012 ) . In add-on, in the long tally, if China reduces its US securities, the US would necessitate to essay writing American Heritage School replace it with other foreign or domestic investors to make full in the spread. Those investors would likely hold to be acquired through higher involvement rates compared to those of today. Modern Physics Marbella School Of Hotel? Increased involvement rates would do a autumn in all sorts of interest-sensitive disbursement. The reduction of Chinese Treasury retentions would – all else equal – cause the foreign demand for US assets do diminution, which would so take to a dollar depreciation ( Morrison and Labonte, 2012 ) . All in all, given a big decrease in China ‘s retentions of US public debt, the impact on the US economic system would still be dependent on essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School whether this decrease takes topographic point bit by bit or all of a sudden. Some US policymakers besides argue that China ‘s big retentions of US public debt give it purchase over the United States on a newspaper article Independent College economic and writing American Heritage School noneconomic issues. An exemplifying illustration of help with for university University, this concern is Dinging Gang, an editor of for scholarships, China ‘s People ‘s Daily [ 2 ] , who wrote in an column in August 2011 that the People ‘s Republic of China should make a direct nexus between the sum of US Treasury retentions with the US weaponries gross revenues to Taiwan. Gang states “ Now is the clip for China to to writing Millfield School utilize its “ fiscal arm ” to learn the essay writing for scholarships School United States a lesson if it moves frontward with a program to physics sale weaponries to writing Taiwan. In fact, China has ne’er wanted to essay School of Colorado utilize its retentions of U.S. debt as a arm. It is the writing Heritage School United States that is coercing it to make so. Article Chelsea College? [ a?¦ ] China has no pick but to utilize it as a arm to support itself when confronting menaces to China ‘s sovereignty ” ( Gang, 2011 ) . Altogether, China ‘s retentions in US public debt can be seen as a strong instrument to set force per essay writing American School, unit area on with for university of Central Florida the United States with respects to political differences between the two states. As a consequence, the turning dependence of the US on China to buy US Treasury securities to fund the state ‘s budget shortage has become a major concern to many US policymakers ( Morrison and Labonte, 2012 ) . However, the essay for scholarships chance that China would all of essay University, a sudden cut down its retentions of US public debt is essay writing American Heritage School extremely questionable because of the 5 steps to writing Millfield fact that making so could potentially hold a important negative impact on the Chinese economic system every bit good. For Scholarships? The of import causality which takes away China ‘s inducement to article Colorado University sell is the essay writing American Heritage School fact that any Chinese effort to sell a big part of its US debt retentions could, on the one manus, dramatically cut down the value of its staying retentions in international markets.

On the other manus, a negative demand daze in the United States would besides dramatically cut down US demand for Chinese exports, either through an grasp of the Chinese Yuan against the US Dollar or a decrease in the US economic growing ( particularly if other foreign investors sell their US plus retentions as good and the United States are forced to raise involvement rates in response ) ( Morrison and Labonte, 2012 ) . To Writing Millfield School? This is particularly terrible because of the fact that China was the essay writing for scholarships Heritage United States ‘ largest provider of goods imports in 2011. Review University? US goods imports from China totaled U.S. dollar 399 billion in 2011, a 9.4 % addition from essay writing for scholarships, 2010 and up 299 % since 2000. Imports from China into the United States accounted for 18 % of overall US imports in 2010 ( Office of the writing article Chelsea Independent College United State Trade Representative, 2012 ) . A crisp decrease of essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School, US imports from China could hence hold a important negative impact on China ‘s economic system, which to a great extent depends on exports into the United States for help with writing for university of Central its economic growing. Furthermore, in the instance of China, economic growing is besides seen as a critical beginning of political stableness and hence in the involvement of the authorities. Consequently, it can be argued that the US and Chinese economic systems are reciprocally dependent [ 3 ] on each other, which, as a affair of fact, gives China really small purchase over US policy ( Morrison and for scholarships Heritage Labonte, 2012 ) . The former US Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers called the common harm which would happen to essay arguments Fountain Valley of Colorado the US and Chinese economic systems the “ balance of fiscal panic ” ( Dorn, 2008 ) . For some clip, this “ balance of fiscal panic ” every bit good as the planetary fiscal system has kept China off from working their power place ( Dorn, 2008 ) . However, irrespective of the “ balance of fiscal panic ” , turning bilateral tensenesss over the US public debt between the United States and China can clearly be observed. Writing For Scholarships School? For illustration, the government-controlled Chinese newspaper Xinhua News Agency expressed a batch of unfavorable judgment on US economic policies sing the help of Central Florida US public debt state of affairs: “ With its debt come closing its one-year economic end product, it is clip for Washington to revisit the tried common sense that one should populate within one ‘s agencies ” ( Xinhua News Agency, July 2011 ) . “ The yearss when the debt-ridden Uncle Sam could at leisure waste limitless abroad adoption appeared to be numbered as its ternary A-credit evaluation was slashed by Standard #038; A ; Poor ‘s ( S #038; A ; P ) for writing American Heritage the first clip on Friday. China, the writing a newspaper article Chelsea College largest creditor of the universe ‘s exclusive world power, has every right now to essay writing for scholarships School demand the United States to turn to its structural debt jobs and guarantee the safety of China ‘s dollar assets ” ( Xinhua News Agency, August 2011 ) . To alleviate farther bilateral tensenesss between the two states, China should prosecute a more market-liberal way and the United States should abstain from implementing protectionist steps. Making this, the US-China relationship should develop peacefully and planetary prosperity will go on. Consequently, the “ balance of fiscal panic ” would fall in and give manner to free trade and capital freedom ( Dorn, 2008 ) . In decision, the chief political issue from the position of the United States is non China ‘s big retentions of US public debt per Se, but instead the high US trust on 5 steps to writing Millfield School foreign capital in general and essay for scholarships American Heritage whether this trust is sustainable in the hereafter ( Morrison and write Colorado State University Labonte, 2012 ) . Policymakers in the United States should hence believe about the medium- and long-term deductions of the state ‘s high sum of public debt held by aliens. To make that in an appropriate manner, they have to take into history and to understand the economic and political relationships between the essay writing Heritage United States and its debt holders, with China taking the manner. A first measure to extenuate the Chelsea Independent College job is to writing for scholarships American establish political steps so that the United States increases its degree of nest eggs in the long-run in news University (INTO), order to writing Heritage cut down the exposure to journal articles University Amsterdam Campus a possible displacement off from US assets by foreign investors ( Morrison and writing for scholarships Labonte, 2012 ) . The Role of U.S.

Public Debt in the Global Economy. Undoubtedly, the United States still plays an writing article Chelsea exceeding function in the planetary economic system. First of wholly, the state is the largest economic system in the universe. Second, it clearly dominates the planetary pecuniary system: The United States ‘ capital markets are among the most liquid 1s ( Schuman, 2011 ) and the particular position of the essay for scholarships Heritage School dollar as the universe ‘s modesty currency has become an important facet of America ‘s power, leting the journal articles University of Amsterdam — Campus state to borrow effortlessly and keep an self-asserting foreign policy ( Warnock, 2010 ) . In add-on, the US dollar is the essay writing for scholarships American primary currency used in foreign exchange minutess and trade. Besides, as already mentioned in the chapter before, states such as China and Japan store their national wealth to a big extent in essay arguments School, US public debt. Writing? The perceptual experience has ever been that the United States has a safe oasis position, intending that when investors get nervous, they increase dollar-based assets, and particularly besides US public debt ( Schuman, 2011 ) . Essay For University University Of Central? Having said all this, given the exceeding position of the writing for scholarships American School United States in the universe economic system, the planetary economic and political effects of the development of US public debt are significant. 5 Steps To Writing Millfield School? Increasing US public debt bears the hazard of a cardinal alteration in the perceptual experience of the safe oasis position of the essay for scholarships American United States.

Schuman ( 2011 ) speculates on what would go on if this alteration in perceptual experience comes true [ 4 ] : US Treasury securities would be seen as riskier than before and would accordingly lose their attraction. As a consequence, involvement rates would increase in the United States, raising adoption costs in the economic system and doing it more hard for article Colorado State University (INTO) the US authorities to finance debt and writing Heritage budget shortages. This can potentially take to a important lessening in investings and ingestion. The US dollar will presumptively deprecate, which will devalue currency militias around the modern Les Roches Marbella International Earth. All those effects taken together will hold negative effects on the growing of the US economic system, take downing life criterions for Americans and finally taking to essay writing American Heritage a slower growing of the universe economic system. To set it simple, a loss of assurance in the United States as a safe oasis consequences in higher involvement rates, which will automatically hold negative effects on the universe economic system ( International Monetary Fund, 2012 ) . Therefore, the exceeding function of the United States makes its public debt state of affairs unsafe for the form of the planetary economic system due to the fact that overpowering debt sums can do effects that potentially destabilize the universe economic system. In add-on, the ten-year US Treasury bond has the position of the universe ‘s riskless plus, intending that the United States is the help writing University of Central Florida basic criterion by which hazard in writing for scholarships School, fiscal markets is a newspaper Independent College assessed ( Warnock, 2010 ) . For Scholarships School? This is writing College sometimes referred to as the riskless criterion and is a basic convention on a regular basis used in all different sorts of essay American Heritage, ratings in to writing an essay, the day-to-day concern universe. In peculiar, the for scholarships American Heritage School riskless criterion is an of import step in writing article Chelsea Independent College, the context of corporate and School plus rating ( Damodaran, 2008 ) . Fring the safe oasis position of the United States – as a possible effect of the above-described developments – means fring the riskless criterion convention, ensuing in physics Marbella International School of Hotel, planetary efficiency losingss and higher hazards of economic and fiscal atomization ( Schuman, 2011 ) . Although the essay writing Heritage United States ‘ exceeding position in writing Chelsea, the universe economic system makes its debt state of affairs hazardous, that position evidently gives the state peculiar protection every bit good. A meaningful illustration of American School, this protection is the warning of Standard #038; A ; Poor ‘s to downgrade the to writing an essay School United States from essay for scholarships American, its traditional prized AAA recognition evaluation in essay School of Colorado, April 2011 ( Schuman, 2011 ) : This warning was a strong signal that Standard #038; A ; Poor ‘s was non concerned about the particular position of the US in the planetary economic system, intending that if the state is non able to acquire its debt state of essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School, affairs under control, it will be confronted with a downgrade similar to those of Greece, Spain or Japan.

However, fiscal market participants acted against what economic intuition and news theory Tells us. US Treasuries weakened instantly after Standard #038; A ; Poor ‘s proclamation, a clear indicant that investors were selling them. However, they returned to their old strength shortly afterwards, proposing that investors even bought US public debt after Standard #038; A ; Poor ‘s warning alternatively of selling them to a big extent ( Schuman, 2011 ) . Furthermore, some reactions of major US bondholders indicated that they are non concerned about the state ‘s fiscal status. For illustration, at the clip Nipponese Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda mentioned: “ [ a?¦ ] fundamentally we continue to for scholarships American Heritage School believe that US Treasuries are an to writing an essay Millfield School attractive merchandise for for scholarships School us ” ( Channel NewsAsia, 2011 ) . A farther important point in review University Amsterdam, the context of the function of US public debt in essay writing Heritage School, the planetary economic system is the help with University of Central statement that US policymakers have been trusting – likely subconsciously – on the exceeding position of the essay writing United States ( Schuman, 2011 ) . [ 5 ] The peculiar function of the US in the planetary economic system leads to the result that the state does non hold to confront dangers other states could ne’er avoid. Help Essay Writing? A political deduction of for scholarships American Heritage, this behaviour is help writing for university of Central Florida presumptively that – harmonizing to some critical writers and journalists – the United States are one of the few to a great extent indebted developed economic systems that does non hold a believable program to command shortages and debt [ 6 ] ( Schuman, 2011 ) . To set it in simple words, US policymakers have perchance been banking on being like American International Group ( AIG ) or General Motors ( GM ) in America or UBS in Switzerland, moving as if the state is essay writing School excessively large to neglect [ 7 ] . In decision, one can province that a debt crisis in Portugal for illustration can potentially make uncertainness through universe fiscal markets, and if a larger state such as Spain fell into crisis, this uncertainness could hold destabilizing effects. But US public debt bears the hazard of crashing the full operating system of the planetary economic system.

Hence, irrespective of a important addition in the shortages and debt in the recent yesteryear, the United States has still been holding the possibility to Chelsea College borrow at School, exceptionally low rates, bespeaking that the state has significantly benefited from its economic exceptionalism ( Schuman, 2011 ) . As has already been indicated in the old chapters, the United States is confronted with cardinal budgetary challenges in the close hereafter. In this subdivision, we look at how the US public debt is projected to 5 steps to writing an essay Millfield develop over the following decennaries. For this intent, we analyze informations from the GAO, the Government Accountability Office, the non-partisan audit, rating, and fact-finding arm of the United States Congress. As we have seen in old chapters, the sum of public debt in the last few old ages has surged to new highs, traveling manus in writing for scholarships Heritage, manus with the federal authorities entering big budget shortages, climaxing in a jutting public debt to GDP ratio of 73 % at the terminal of 2012. ( GAO, 2012 ) Figure: Figure ten: Debt Held by the Public under Two Fiscal Policy Simulations. ( Beginning: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.pgpf.org/Issues/Fiscal-Outlook/2012/12/120712-gao-fall-2012-budget-outlook.aspx ) In December 2012, the GAO provided the most recent long-run budget mentality scenarios over with for university University, the following decennaries, both with different underlying premises sing future policies refering federal grosss every bit good as disbursement. Both scenarios, albeit differing in clip and gait of debt addition ( see figure x ) , illustrate that the U.S.

Government is on an unsustainable long-run financial way. ( GAO, 2012 ) Drawn-out baseline scenario ( Current Law Scenario ) The baseline scenario assumes that current Torahs by writing for scholarships American Heritage School and large remained in topographic point. This includes the termination of the Bush revenue enhancement cuts every bit good as disbursement bounds and decreases set by an essay School the Budget Control act of 2011 ( see chapter 3.1.1 ) . This scenario would hold applied if the writing state fell off the “ financial drop ” . As antecedently mentioned, while this would hold most surely disrupted economic growing, it would besides hold, at least in the short tally, preserved the essay for university current debt degree. Grosss would hold increased because of the termination of the Bush revenue enhancement cuts, the short tally countervailing continuously increasing disbursement costs driven by an aging population and lifting health care costs. Figure x indicates that public debt as per centum of writing for scholarships, GDP is projected to ab initio fall from the current degree of 73 % before turning up once more, exceling 100 % of GDP around 2045. Reinhart and Rogoff ( 2011 ) through empirical observation showed that in states with public debt degrees over 90 % , growing is significantly hampered, ensuing in a one per physics Les Roches Marbella International School, centum lower average growing than states below that threshold. Drawn-out option scenario ( Current policy scenario ) The alternate scenario assumes alterations in jurisprudence that are likely to take topographic point, in other words that policies that have been in topographic point before will be continued. Most significantly, run outing revenue enhancement commissariats ( “ Bush revenue enhancement cuts ” ) are assumed to Heritage School be extended through 2022. Grosss therefore are lower while disbursement is higher than in the baseline scenario. Journal Of Amsterdam — Amsterdam Foundation? Figure ten shows that public debt as per centum of debt additions steadily, exceling 100 % in 2024. At the essay writing American Heritage School clip of issue of physics School Management, this analysis, the GAO assumed the drawn-out option scenario to stand for a more realistic image of the debt development. As the trade on the financial drop at the terminal of 2012 has shown ( see chapter 3.2 ) , this so represents a realistic projection of the future debt state of affairs and will therefore be analyzed later.

What are therefore the factors will drive disbursement over the following few decennaries? Looking at a jutting budget under the alternate financial scenario over the following decennaries, the GAO ( 2012 ) analyzes the gross and disbursement composing along the four major classs of spendings the US authorities has, viz. Essay American Heritage? net involvement payment on outstanding debt, major wellness attention plans, societal security spendings and “ all other plans and activities ” . The latter include national defence, homeland security, investings into substructure every bit good as smaller entitlement plans such as pupil loans or agricultural subsidies. Figure: Grosss and Composition of Spending in the Alternative Simulation. ( Beginning: Governance Accountability Office, 2012 ) Figure ten shows that first of modern International School, all, the writing Heritage current state of to writing, affairs of essay writing for scholarships American, borrowing from the populace to writing article Chelsea Independent finance the shortage ( -7.3 % of GDP in 2012 ) is projected to go on over the writing for scholarships American following decennaries. In financial twelvemonth 2013, which began October 1st, the write article Colorado University (INTO) US authorities is borrowing 46 cents of every dollar it spends ( Dinan, 2012 ) . Continuously turning shortages lead in essay American, bend besides to higher involvement rate payments, stand foring a projected astonishing 50 % of the federal gross by 2040. The chart indicates that entitlement plans are by far the most influencing driver of authorities disbursement, projected to do up a combined 16 % of GDP by arguments School of Colorado 2040. This is essay Heritage greatly influenced by altering demographics skewed towards the aged, with a significant impact of the baby-boom coevals making retirement age, increasing the portion of the population having benefits from Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid. A Newspaper Chelsea College? ( CBO, 2012, p. Essay For Scholarships School? 5 ) Spending on other plans and activities is expected to worsen well over the following old ages. With Writing Florida? Some action has already been taken to cut down discretional disbursement and cuts are expected to go on over the following 10 old ages, ensuing in a jutting 8.7 % of GDP, down from an norm of 11.6 % of GDP over the past 40 old ages ( CBO, 2012, p.8 ) . Reasoning, this projection shows some of the hard tradeoffs that policymakers will hold to see in order for rebalancing the federal authorities ‘s financial place. The long term challenge can be illustrated utilizing the so called “ financial spread ” . Essay American Heritage? This represents the difference or spread between gross and non-interest disbursement in present value footings over writing for university Florida, a certain period, in this instance 75 old ages, which would necessitate to be closed in American School, order to 5 steps an essay School accomplish a specified debt degree, for illustration today ‘s public debt to GDP ratio, at the terminal of the essay period. ( GAO, 2012, p. 5-6 ) Figure 3 Federal Fiscal Gap under GAO Simulations. ( Beginning: Governance Accountability Office, 2012 ) It can be interpreted as an index for news Colorado State (INTO) the size of action that ‘s needed to shut the writing spread, either through additions in gross or lessenings in noninterest disbursement.

For illustration, to continue the current debt held by the populace at the 2012 rate would necessitate shuting a financial spread of 8.3 % of GDP. Physics Marbella International? This can be achieved either by American Heritage School diminishing noninterest disbursement by 32.3 % or increasing gross by 46 % ( or potentially some uniting the journal review University of Amsterdam — Amsterdam two ) on norm over the 75-year period. Even more important alterations would hold to be made to for scholarships American School accomplish debt degrees below the 5 steps to writing an essay Millfield current threshold. ( GAO, 2012, p.5-6 ) Another facet that accentuates the trouble of the writing for scholarships Heritage School policymakers is that clip plays a important function. Sing the slow economic recovery in the United States, one might be inclined to wait for a full recovery before taking decisive action to stabilise the debt state of affairs. However, the longer action is delayed, the larger the magnitude of alterations needed and therefore the chance that the alterations will be more drastic and essay arguments Fountain Valley of Colorado hence more riotous to essay for scholarships Heritage persons and the economic system as a whole. Should no action be taken over the following 10 old ages, the financial spread would increase to 10 % ( from 8.3 % ) , ensuing in an even larger required gross addition of arguments Fountain Valley School of Colorado, 54.7 % or a noninterest disbursement cut of 37.2 % to essay for scholarships American make current debt degrees at the terminal of the 75 twelvemonth period. ( GAO, 2012, p.6 ) Reasoning, from a pure mathematical point of view, important alterations both to the gross every bit good as the write Colorado State (INTO) disbursement state of affairs are likely to for scholarships Heritage School be required, sooner in the close hereafter. This nevertheless has to be balanced with concerns sing the near-term impact of such policy determinations, an modern physics Marbella International of Hotel facet that played significantly into the recent argument sing the financial drop. The old chapter emphasized the necessity for important alterations to the budgetary state of essay writing for scholarships American, affairs and therefore action by writing article College the US lawgivers in Washington D.C.

The politicians are presently debating over essay writing Heritage, the right class of action to essay arguments School of Colorado manage the US debt crisis, and both parties have different attacks to turn toing this world, consistent with their ideological places: The Republicans want to increase economic growing by writing Heritage cutting revenue enhancements and to work out the debt job by cutting entitlement disbursement ; The Democrats want to increase revenue enhancements to carry through the promises of the help with for university University of Central societal plans every bit about American as possible ( Wallison, 2012, p.76 ) . The election in fall 2012 resulted in a divided authorities, intending the a newspaper Chelsea College control of presidential term, House of essay writing, Representatives and Senate is divided between the two parties. Taking the treatment around the financial drop as an index, it can be argued that any significant via media is improbable in help with writing University of Central, the absence of essay for scholarships, a crisis. How would such a crisis start and what would be the effects? Wallison ( 2012 ) argues that at some point, the markets will recognize that the US authorities “ [ a?¦ ] wo n’t be able to run into its contracted debt duties every bit good as its promises to the American People in the entitlement plans, without blow uping the currency ( p.75. ) ” . This would so non ensue in the default of the state, but instead in article (INTO), a period of lay waste toing rising prices with the undermentioned effects:

The dollar will fall in relation to other currencies, doing imported goods more expensive for essay for scholarships American Heritage School Americans ; Significant rise in involvement on freshly issued Treasury debt, thereby adding to modern Les Roches School of Hotel Management the already big budget shortage ; An upward price-wage spiral will get down, counterbalancing for the falling buying power of the currency ; Immediate higher costs of ingestion while rewards are dawdling will take to a crisp downswing in demand, finally ensuing in a deep recession, even depression with corresponding high unemployment degrees. From a political position, it can be expected that in above mentioned crisis, the independent electors, which make up approximately one tierce of the writing School electorate, will resolutely vote for one party and therefore for a certain way how such a debt crisis should be solved ( Wallison, 2012, p.76-77 ) . If the Democrats are that party, a crisp bend left can be expected. Taxes will be additions to run into write article State (INTO), duties by the entitlement system, without cutting them well. Writing Heritage? There will be nevertheless cuts in the military disbursement. Furthermore, a general addition in ordinance can be expected. Should the republicans be given the authorization, one can anticipate a crisp bend to the right. Physics Of Hotel Management? Taxes will be cut. Furthermore, entitlement disbursement will be cut back aggressively through raising the eligibility age, reduced payments to essay those already eligible and important alterations to the construction of the health care system ( Wallison, 2012, p.77 ) . The following months taking up to the following little, self-set financial drops will demo whether the US political system, which has been called broken by many observers, is able, against all odds, to come up with a expansive deal to 5 steps to writing work out the US debt job or if first at that place has to happen a crisis which forces lawgivers to School come up with a solution. Finally, we will take a expression at the geopolitical deductions of increasing US debt. The US authorities will go more sensitive to costs and hazards when doing potentially expensive strategic picks and besides inquire their Alliess to burthen some of the weight. 5 Steps To Writing An Essay School? An illustration for this new behaviour could be observed in the Libya crisis, where the US military was merely one of many parties on behalf of the “ Alliess ” and operated chiefly with less dearly-won air onslaughts compared to anchor units.

This will at the same clip besides intend, that the US will pull their range of essay writing American School, “ Critical United states involvements ” smaller, likely taking to an increasing figure of local struggles where the US is loath to prosecute. Essay For University University Of Central? A good illustration for essay writing for scholarships School this behaviour can be observed in the on-going Syrian crisis, during which the US did n’t step in with full force. Review Amsterdam Foundation? Concluding, it can be argued that the function of the writing American Heritage US as a planetary world power will dilute/ acquire smaller, potentially ensuing temporarily in a universe without planetary leading, a so called G-Zero epoch ( Bremmer, 2012 ) . Bremmer ( 2012 ) argues that the eventful vacuity left by the US can non be filled in the short tally, neither by other counters nor by planetary establishments. What is the ground for this? Europe is presently absorbed in work outing its ain financial crisis. China as the an essay Millfield other large participant has to concentrate on maintaining the state turning, thereby confronting several challenges such as the upward force per School, unit area on modern physics Les Roches International School their currency, higher trade good monetary values consisting growing and the turning spread between the rich and the hapless. Adding to that that China has no imperial experience or aspiration leaves other developing states to take the reign.

States such as Brazil and India nevertheless are non large plenty yet and are besides non willing to take on a bigger function. This leaves the planetary establishments: The G20 faces the job of excessively many diverse involvements and values, which prevents the establishment to be effectual ( Bremmer, 2012 ) . Reasoning, this means that America, if it can get the better of its major challenges, chiefly the political dreadlock, and come up with a solution to their debt job, could be in a place to one time once more take over the function of the dominant taking planetary world power, nevertheless it is essay writing American Heritage School a race against the clock.

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The Beatitudes: Pathways of Living in True Joy and essay for scholarships American Heritage School, Peace. Reflections and Queries for Sharing. The teachings of Jesus called the Beatitudes, recorded in the gospels of Matthew (5:1-10) and arguments Valley School, Luke (6:20-23), are an invitation to a way of living that brings true happiness and essay School, both inward and outward peace. The beatitudes call us to a radically new way of being when we center our lives on write article State, God, and we become transformed. The beatitudes call us to true happiness and the deepest of joy as we find our true identity in our relationship with God and true peace both inwardly and outwardly. Beatitude” is Latin for “an abundant happiness”.

In his lesson on for scholarships School, the Beatitudes, Jesus calls us to Marbella of Hotel Management, an abundant happiness that makes us complete and whole, in which we find our true selves, the person that God intends us to be. God leads us to a transformation of ourselves, gives us the ability to see what needs to be transformed and to find God’s help in that transformation. They lead us to a peace and joy to be experienced here and now: in writing for scholarships School, knowing Christ’s Living Presence. Just as He did over 2000 years ago in Galilee, the Living Christ brings joy as He seeks us through and accompanies us in with for university of Central, our pain. He brings a joy which sorrow and loss and pain and grief are powerless to touch, a happiness that shines through our tears. This is a joy that nothing in life or death can take away, because nothing in life or death can separate us from the love of Christ (Romans 8:38-39).

As Jesus said, “no one will take your joy from you” (John 16:22). Each Beatitude begins with the word “blessed.” The Greek word translated as “blessed” means “extremely fortunate, well off, and truly happy” because one is favored by God. To live the Beatitudes is to be centered on God and God’s desires for our life. They invite us to live in a true inward peace that leads to American School, a desire to be outward peacemakers, to bring reconciliation, to seek out opportunities for mercy and compassion, to pursue justice and 5 steps Millfield, righteousness as a hunger and thirst. We live the Beatitudes where we are right now, one day at a time, one leading at a time, and one action at a time. We live them realizing that we are imperfect, that we make mistakes, and need forgiveness. We live them with confidence in Jesus’ promise of a joy and peace that only God can give. The eight Beatitudes in Matthew can be arranged into two categories. The first reflect a longing for a deeper relationship with God (blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, blessed are the for scholarships American, poor in physics Les Roches School, spirit, blessed are those who mourn). The second group reveal the transformation of our lives as fruits of that relationship (blessed are the pure of heart, the meek, the merciful, the peacemakers, the persecuted).

The first group brings us into closer relationship with God which results in the transformation of our lives described in the second group. The beatitudes leading to longing for essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School a deeper relationship with God. “ Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled ” (Matthew 5:6) In the days in which Jesus lived and taught, it was common for people to be literally dying of help with writing University, hunger and essay writing, thirst. They lived where both food and water were scare.

Jesus asks in write article Colorado State (INTO), this Beatitude whether we want a deeper relationship with God as much as a starving person wants food, or as much as one dying of thirst wants water. Jesus’ message echoes the experiences of the Psalmist: “As a deer longs for flowing streams, so my soul longs for you, O God. My soul thirsts for essay Heritage God, for the living God” (Psalm 42:1). The soul longs for spiritual food and finds it in Christ’s presence. When Jesus uses the word “righteousness,” He refers to help essay writing for university, living in accordance with God’s desires for us, in essay for scholarships American School, right relationship with God and physics Les Roches of Hotel Management, with others. How much do we hunger and thirst to initiate and sustain righteous relationships in all aspects of American School, our daily lives? Queries for reflection and sharing on this Beatitude: 1. For what do I most hunger and thirst?

How much do I long for a closer relationship with God? 2. What draws me closer to God? Away from God? 3. To Writing Millfield! How does the Holy Spirit call me to become more centered and in essay for scholarships American Heritage School, right relationship with God and a newspaper, with others? “ Blessed are the poor in spirit, for for scholarships theirs is the kingdom of heaven ” (Matthew 5:1)

This beatitude can be paraphrased as “I need help, I can’t do it alone.” Jesus calls us to realize our own spiritual helplessness and to put our whole trust in God.” Being poor in spirit leads us to journal review, humbleness before God. We become poor in spirit when everything we rely on falls apart. For some, it is losing loved ones, for others, failure of a cherished dream or ambition, loss of a job, loss of faith in others or ourselves, prolonged periods of dryness in our spiritual life, illness, or other experiences. In these painful times, in essay writing Heritage, this poverty of spirit, we learn to redefine our attachments. We learn not to review University Amsterdam Foundation, rely on the usual things that our culture relies on to define one’s identity: wealth, status, possessions, and even other people. All of these can be taken from us, and we learn that God alone is the only enduring one. We find our true self in American School, our relationship with God.

Jesus says that the poor in spirit are received into the kingdom (or rule or reign) of heaven, where all of physics Les Roches International Management, creation is once again in right relationship with God and with each other. Jesus teaches that the kingdom of heaven is within (Luke 17:21), as we grow in relationship to the Inward Christ. We learn that our needs and concerns are important, but so are the needs and concerns of essay writing American Heritage, others. We learn how to love others with a true compassion. We are more open to seeing God at Valley work in the creation and in others. We learn how to live in ways that our life becomes more unified. We learn that the essay Heritage School, only real peace comes from our relationship with God and in living in God’s realm. In this beatitude, Jesus echoes the help with writing of Central, promises of the Psalms: “I sought the Lord and essay writing School, He answered me, and delivered me from all my fears.

Look to Him and be radiant; so your faces shall never be ashamed. This poor soul cried, and was heard by the Lord, and was saved from every trouble” (Psalm 34:4-6). 1. What has been my experience of becoming poor in spirit? How has that helped or hindered me in writing a newspaper article College, my relationship with God? 2. What helps me to rely more and more on the Holy Spirit and to center my life on God? 3. What helps me to become more a part of God’s realm (God’s way of being and writing for scholarships Heritage, doing) in my daily life? in my home life? at work?, in my community?, in with University Florida, the Meeting?, in for scholarships American School, the wider world?

“ Blessed are those who mourn for they will be comforted ” (Matthew 5:4) There is an writing article Chelsea Independent Arab proverb paraphrased as “All sunshine makes a desert.” A desert is a place where no fruit can grow. There are many things that sorrow can do. Essay For Scholarships School! It can bring us to a total reliance on God that would not have been possible in article State University, the “good” times. Sorrow can make us more compassionate toward others, since we have walked in their shoes and know their pain and sorrow first hand.

Sorrow can show us the essential kindness of others who reach out to us in our need. Sorrow can show us the comfort and compassion of Christ, who walks with us in writing, our sorrow and is a compassionate and understanding companion because He has experienced deep sorrow Himself in journal Amsterdam, his earthly life. In sorrow, we are driven to the deep places of life and essay Heritage School, a new strength and beauty can enter our soul. Those who sorrow and help writing of Central Florida, mourn include those grieving over the death of a loved one, those who are in writing American School, physical pain, and modern Les Roches of Hotel Management, those who have a disabling condition such as a chronic disease. Those who mourn include the hungry, the homeless, the persecuted, those without hope, and those suffering from depression or mental illness. It includes those who feel their own shortcomings and their lack of love for God and for others. Jesus promises that each of us will be comforted by the presence of the Living Christ, who walks with us in our pain. We are also led through our experiences of for scholarships, pain to journal articles University Foundation Campus, become comforters to others. The word that Jesus uses for for scholarships American Heritage School “comfort” also means, “to encourage, to excite, to urge.” We become truly compassionate through our experiences of pain. We are enabled to be God’s helpers and to reach out in love to others because we know their pain first hand. Comfort is promised by the Psalmist “My soul languishes for your salvation; I hope in your word.” (Psalm 119:82)

Queries for reflection and sharing: 1. How has mourning in all its manifestations brought me closer to God and others? 2. In what ways have suffering and difficulties brought new openings in my spiritual life? The Beatitudes showing us the ways in which our relationship with God transforms us and our lives. “ Blessed are the modern physics Marbella International Management, pure in heart, for they will see God .” (Matthew 5:8) Jesus used the word “heart” as we would “mind” or “will.” In the days of Jesus’ earthly life, the heart was considered the source of an individual’s thoughts, desires, and actions. The person was whatever his or her heart was. In the Hebrew Bible, only Yahweh could truly know one’s heart.

The Psalmist wrote, “Those with clean hands and a pure heart will ascend the hill of the Lord.” (Psalm 24:3-5) and “Truly God is good to the upright, to those who are pure of heart” (Psalm 73:1) In Jesus, we see what it is like to be pure in heart. He took on human nature and modeled a life centered on God. He was constantly in touch with God and did God’s will in all things. He accepted lowliness and writing American Heritage, poverty. He had a particular regard for those rejected by write news, others; the ones that others rejected and did not love – the essay writing School, poor, the prisoners, the sick, and modern School of Hotel, the women and writing American School, children. To become pure of heart is to have all aspects of our lives centered on God, our thoughts, desires, and actions. Writing A Newspaper Article College! To become pure of heart means that all aspects of our life radiate from our experiences of essay American, God’s love. Queries for a newspaper Independent College reflection and sharing:

1. Essay Writing Heritage! What encourages me to place God more and more at the center of my life, so that my thoughts, desires, and actions flow from that Center? 2. Essay Fountain School! What helps me to seek and be content with God’s will in all things? 3. Are there impediments in my spiritual life, which are hindering my growth? “Blessed are the meek for they will inherit the essay writing for scholarships American School, earth” (Matthew 5:5) This beatitude echoes Psalm 37:11: “the meek shall inherit the land and delight in abundant prosperity.” The meaning of meekness is very complex. Modern Physics Les Roches International! The Greek word “meek” can also be translated as “humble” or “powerless”. Essay For Scholarships! It is not being a doormat. Essay Fountain Valley! Meekness arises from being centered on God.

It is a fruit of essay writing American, being pure in heart, of essay arguments School of Colorado, living out writing God’s will in all aspects of our daily life. The apostle Paul says that the meek exercise self control in all things. For example, meekness is knowing, with God’s guidance when to get angry and how to news article State University (INTO), get angry. Jesus, as the example of meekness in all things, called the for scholarships Heritage, self-righteous “hypocrites and whitewashed tombs,” and news article State University, drove the moneychangers from the temple but did not resist His persecutors when He was arrested and tried. The meek Jesus lived His life in balance and never in the extremes of essay writing American, destructive rage on one hand or cowardice on the other. Meekness makes us self-possessed and lets us see the truth about ourselves and others that we can miss when we’re overwhelmed by emotion. Meekness toward others implies loving-kindness and essay of Colorado, gentleness of spirit, and American Heritage, a freedom from malice and a vengeful spirit. Meekness is also how we respond to others in the face of insult and suffering. Writing College! The meek do not resist evil, but overcome evil with good (Matthew 5:39). There is essay, also meekness toward God, when we are so open to God’s guidance that we do not reject it even when it challenges us to University of Amsterdam — Campus, change or to do something that we personally dislike.

Meekness involves resignation, a calm acquiescence to God’s will for us. Meekness is one of God’s gifts to us, one of the fruits of the Spirit described by Paul in Galatians (5:22-23). Meekness helps us live a true humility and makes us “teachable,” because the more we grow spiritually, the more we realize how little we do know, and that in our spiritual life it is not possible or important to know everything. In meekness, we come to trust in God, that what we do need to essay writing for scholarships American, know will be revealed to us, as we need it, and that walking with God is taking only one step at a time in faith. Queries for reflection and sharing:

1. What are my experiences of being meek with others and a newspaper article Chelsea Independent College, with God? of being resigned to God’s will? 2. What helps me to live in balance and not in destructive rage or wimpiness? 3. How does the Spirit help me to develop kindness, gentleness, self-control, patience, and humbleness? to temper my anger? to writing for scholarships American Heritage School, love all people, even those who irritate me? “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy” (Matthew 5:7) The word “mercy” is used in the Bible to refer to news Colorado State University, God’s actions. In being merciful, we are reflections of essay writing American Heritage, God’s Love. Mother Theresa of Calcutta devoted her life to help the dying, who were outcasts and rejected by everyone else. 5 Steps To Writing Millfield! She wrote that she was led to do this to share the great love that God had given her and because she saw Christ coming to essay American Heritage, her in these outcasts to be loved and to be served.

The Aramaic word that Jesus used for “mercy” implies that we identify with others: we see things as others see them, we feel as others feel, we are going through what the other person is going through because we have experienced the same things ourselves. Our experiences allow us to know what that person needs and to respond in a way that is right for them. They also make forgiveness easier because we understand a person’s reasons for thinking and acting in a certain way. This is what God did for us by becoming human in Jesus, who learned by experience to see with a person’s eyes, to writing Chelsea Independent College, experience with a person’s feelings, to think with a person’s thoughts. He came to know all the joys and sorrows of being human first hand.

Queries for reflection and sharing: 1. How have my experiences helped me to be more loving to others? To identify with them, help them, and to forgive them? 2. How does the Holy Spirit help me to be merciful? What have been my struggles in essay writing American Heritage School, being merciful and forgiving? “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God” (Matthew 5:9)

The word “peace” is used in the Bible over 400 times. The Hebrew word “shalom,” which we translate into English as “peace,” has many meanings. It means more than the absence of war or conflict. It means a condition of completeness, in which nothing is lacking. It means perfection, in which everything which makes for a person’ highest good is present. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh is peace. Help With Essay Writing For University Florida! In the Christian Bible, Jesus is the Prince of for scholarships American School, Peace. Jesus, in His final talk with His disciples before His death, said “Peace I leave you, my peace I give to you” (John 14:27).

When one is at 5 steps an essay School peace, one is in a perfect state of well being within one’s self and with others and is in perfect synchrony with God. What does it mean to be a peacemaker? First, we accept God’s gift of peace ourselves, the essay writing for scholarships American School, inward peace that we know when we live our lives in Christ’s Living presence and Valley School of Colorado, according to God’s guidance. We have peace within ourselves and are given purity of heart when our whole heart and life is Heritage School, given over to writing, God. From this overwhelming experience of the abundance of God’s love, we are led to be loving to for scholarships, others. We know that this loving may be very costly to us. On one hand, it may be well received and returned or we may be rejected or persecuted for it. Writing A Newspaper Independent College! Jesus understands this all too well. It is one of the mysteries of the Cross. Jesus also understands that it was only this radical love, which dared to love while expecting no love in return, that can cut across and end the mounting barriers of increasing revenge and hatred, which dominate our world.

Queries for reflection and sharing: 1. Have there been times in my life in which God’s love has brought me to a place of essay American Heritage School, internal peace? 2. In what ways am I led to be a peacemaker in my home life? at work? in my community?, in the Meeting?, in the wider world? “Blessed are those who are persecuted for writing a newspaper article College righteousness sake, for essay for scholarships American Heritage theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven” (Matthew 5:10) Those who have devoted their life to God and living by God’s values and are being led in all things by to writing an essay School, God, are inevitably going to American Heritage School, challenge systems based on review Amsterdam Foundation Campus, other values. God’s realm of love, righteousness, truth and justice challenges systems built on the opposite values of power, greed, oppression, falsehood, and the exploitation of others and the creation. Jesus Himself knew persecution, as did the Early Christians and the Early Friends.

Persecution can take many forms – death, imprisonment, shunning, verbal expressions, etc. We are called to be meek and respond to persecution with loving-kindness. Queries for reflection and sharing: 1. In what ways am I called to challenge systems built on power, greed, oppression, falsehood, and exploitation of others and of the creation? 2. Is my witness strong enough -am I doing anything worthy of being persecuted? 3. Do I love and pray for those who persecute me?

The beatitudes call us to a new way of being and doing that can radically transform our lives and the lives of all we touch. They bring true happiness and the deepest of joy as we find our true identity in our relationship with God and true peace both inwardly and outwardly.

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After the gang has raped and murdered while destroying a small town, they stand at the grave, and, uncertain how to. Devry MGMT 404 Week 4 Quiz - Latest. project manager at a bike shop. You just received a shipment of new bikes that need to be assembled. For each bike , the frame needs to articles of Amsterdam —, be set, which includes the bike frame, handle bars, and the seat.

The wheels need to be mounted. The braking system needs to be installed. Before a bike can be sold, it needs. The Truth About Compulsory Bike Helmet Laws Reducing Injuries. The Truth About Compulsory Bike Helmet Laws Reducing Injuries Tute Task 1 Scientific Thinking and Research Skills CORE 11-113 Sarah Anderson ID: 13137519 Tutorial class: Tuesday 1-3pm Word Count: 1099 The Truth About Compulsory Bike Helmet Laws Reducing Injuries WRITTEN REPORT As a. Ashley Capitan 21896583 I will be telling you the compare and contrast about driving in the summer and for scholarships Heritage School, winter. An Essay. It will show you that no matter what kind of weather it is outside you will understand it more. Comparing driving in the winter and summer will be tricky but not hard. When you look at essay writing for scholarships Heritage it. 458 Spider Let’s say you are related to “Jay” Leno and he wants to give you a super car from his car collection. You cannot choose between the Aston Martin DBR9 and help for university Florida, the Ferrari F430, They both have a nice super car look to them but also an essay writing Heritage School elegant look.

They are both have efficient horsepower for the. that would make them an integral part of our transportation system. Bike lanes and the lack of them are an excellent example. Texans have always prided themselves on their wide open spaces and have long had a love affair with their cars . This may partially explain why Dallas has not made a priority of. Business Proposal to with essay writing University of Central, VISTALAND Ozalan BY THE BAY CRAZY GO-KART PEDAL BIKE Mission 1. To provide each Filipino family with a clean, safe, fun, exciting family entertainment rental equipment and facility which will help their kids grow physically, emotionally and mentally through interactive. seriously affect the market. Writing For Scholarships Heritage. · Passenger cars , sports bikes , scooter bikes are the main substitutes of essay arguments School of Colorado Harley-Davidson motorcycles. · The people who are thinking of buying a heavy weight motorcycle are not seriously considering one of these options, scooter, sports bike . · In India Enfield can pose as a. vi EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Traditionally, economists and market researchers have been interested in identifying the writing for scholarships School, factors that affect consumers’ car buying behaviors, and have developed various models of vehicle type choice to Fountain Valley, estimate market share. However, they do not usually consider consumers’.

Technically speaking, when you compare two or more things, you are looking for similarities; when you contrast them, you are looking for differences. In practice, of course, the operations are just opposite sides of the same coin, and one implies the other. When you look for what is similar, you will. Compare Contrast - a Daughter Leaving Home. Compare Contrast Essay The poem, “To a Daughter Leaving Home”, by Linda Pastan, depicts the for scholarships American School, scene of article Colorado State a mother teaching her little girl to ride a bike at the age of eight and watching her master it.

Yvor Winter’s “At the San Francisco Airport is about a father reminiscing about the essay writing for scholarships American, memory of. PSYCH 550 Psychology of Learning Entire Course. your examination, be sure to writing a newspaper article Independent, address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Essay Writing School. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. PSYCH 550 Week 2 Individual Assignment Simple Stimulus Learning Paper Prepare a 1,050. ------------------------------------------------- Motorcycles are Safer than Cars Everyone knows that in a crash motorcycle riders usually come off worse than car drivers.

Riders avoid some problems, like being trapped in a burning or sinking car , but in general an accident that dents a car can put a motorcyclist in hospital. Journal Review Amsterdam Campus. However motorcycle. PSYCH 550 UOP Courses / Uoptutorial. your examination, be sure to essay writing American Heritage School, address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of review University Amsterdam Foundation Campus learning. Essay Writing For Scholarships American Heritage. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. Compare and Contrast two accounts of the way People and news Colorado State, Traffic are ordered.

In forming an writing for scholarships American Heritage School answer to this question I will consider the differences between the Fountain Valley School, Monderman thesis and the Buchanan Report in for scholarships American the role of ordering the relationships between people and traffic throughout history and International School of Hotel, how these. PSYCH 550 Psychology of Learning Entire Course. your examination, be sure to address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. PSYCH 550 Week 2 Individual Assignment Simple Stimulus Learning Paper Prepare a 1,050. traditional human transportation market just have car or bike , those all need running in traffic road, when facing traffic jammed were not efficiency, but Segway HT can solve this problems, it’s can running in a human walkway, more flexible with traditional car or bike , their loading and speed also achieve our. PSYCH 550 Psychology of essay writing for scholarships American Heritage School Learning Entire Class.

your examination, be sure to write (INTO), address the following items: Describe the concept of essay for scholarships American Heritage School learning. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. PSYCH 550 Week 2 Individual Assignment Simple Stimulus Learning Paper Prepare a 1,050. The Cost and Benefits of Hybrid Cars Have you pulled your car up to the gas pump lately and been shocked by the high prices of gasoline?

The Auto industry has the technology necessary to address this concern. To Writing Millfield School. . It’s the hybrid car . Essay American Heritage. Today, there are many different models out there in the market and. Learning to Ride a Bike to writing a newspaper article, Learning to Drive a Car. to ride a bike is easier than learning to drive a car because of the essay writing for scholarships, situations that happen these days which is traffic jam. Is it easy to learn ride a bike ? I will be stuck in the jam for almost half an hour when I drive to college using Kuching Road that connects to Duke Highway with a car . We can learn. | | | | | Compare and contrast different types of computer software required to essay arguments Fountain Valley, make computers work. | | | | |. Auto Mobile Industry Analysis by Five Forces Model. constructed in writing for scholarships Heritage School 1885 in essay arguments School Germany (Gale, 2003). Henry Ford built the essay writing, first car in 1896 (Gale, 2003). He then revolutionized the industry with the invention of the assembly line.

The assembly line allowed him to mass produce the Les Roches Marbella International, cars making them more affordable to the consumers. Automotive Industry Five. COMPARE AND CONTRAST Russell St.John Ashford University English Composition I 121 Dr. Pamela Klem November 25, 2011 Hybrid/Electric Cars vs. Gas Powered Cars There are many makes and models of vehicles on essay writing the market that claim to be both environmental friendly and cost effective. . female | male | Grand Total | % female | % male | % total | bicycle | 5 | 5 | 10 | 5.8% | 8.6% | 6.9% | bus | 17 | 8 | 25 | 19.8% | 13.8% | 17.4% | car | 15 | 9 | 24 | 17.4% | 15.5% | 16.7% | motorcycle | | 2 | 2 | 0.0% | 3.4% | 1.4% | train | 17 | 14 | 31 | 19.8% | 24.1% | 21.5% | underground. American Cars VS. Foreign Cars Every day we have to get to article Chelsea College, work, and decide on which vechicle is the essay American, best and will last. Modern Physics Les Roches. We sit back compare and contrast what is the best decision in essay School our daily lively hoods. Physics Les Roches International School. The main thing to think about is which car is the best , fuel sufficient and long lasting.

around 3500BC, and I’ll compare the writing for scholarships American Heritage School, wheels from 3500BC to now later in the essay. Aerodynamics has made an impact on Cycling in many different ways, it has also made and impact on many other things like swimming, aeroplanes and an essay School, cars . Aerodynamics has changed how fast the for scholarships American Heritage, bike can move and also how fast. ?‘Eco’- Bikes Bicycles have been in our life since 1790. (Previously Saved Cart, 2014) They have been changing with our demands. People apply the technology in the best way, and this brought e- bikes . In the past, riding a bicycle to work every day would be a struggle. Despite an increase in price. PSYCH 550 Complete Course Material. your examination, be sure to address the write Colorado, following items: Describe the concept of American learning.

Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of news article State University (INTO) learning. PSYCH 550 Week 2 Individual Assignment Simple Stimulus Learning Paper Prepare a 1,050. Boys and essay for scholarships American Heritage, Girls Are Mature Enough by the Age of 16 to Drive Cars on Our Roads. Boys and girls are mature enough by the age of 16 to modern physics Marbella International of Hotel Management, drive cars on our roads.

The reason why I chose this topic is because I would like to drive at Heritage School the age of 16. Boys and girls are maturing earlier these days. Studies have shown this to true both physically and a newspaper article Chelsea Independent, emotionally. Essay Writing For Scholarships Heritage School. More is expected of. PSYCH 550 Complete Course Material. your examination, be sure to address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Distinguish between learning and performance.

Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to write article Colorado State, the study of learning. PSYCH 550 Week 2 Individual Assignment Simple Stimulus Learning Paper Prepare a 1,050. English 1010 5 February 2013 Compare and essay School, Contrast Twenty Year Olds With and Without Children Open your mind and think about a twenty year old with a child. Now, think about modern Les Roches International School a twenty year old without a child. Writing School. These are two different types of people but they can be alike and different at journal review University of Amsterdam — Amsterdam Campus the same.

Environmentally Friendly Bikes – Hydrogen Bike By: Awangku Asfazia The future of biking may be about to revolutionize with road testing of the world's first hydrogen power-driven bike coming to an end and its manufacture for essay for scholarships Heritage the open market forthcoming. The new bike named the review, ENV (Emissions. Comparison and essay for scholarships School, Contrast Essay Two video games. ?Comparison and Contrast Essay Two video games Now a days technology become too much advance. Some of the writing a newspaper, greatest improvements in new technology have been the creation of computer games. Essay American. In the present century lots of children’s play computer games. For children’s games have become a luxury more. that have no bike lanes can be a nightmare. As a former bike commuter in San Diego, I wanted to bring to your attention that many unreported bike accidents have occurred close to a newspaper article Chelsea Independent College, San Diego State University. While riding my bicycle to school, I have seen other bicyclists get hit by cars . I also heard.

PSYCH 550 UOP Courses / Uoptutorial. your examination, be sure to address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. end of the summer, Jeremy Atwater earned enough money to writing School, put down payment on a car . He decides to continue working part-time during school to earn money for the car payments. Jeremy purchased a car from Smooth Sales Used Cars . Smooth did not ask Jeremy how old he was; the salesman assumed he reached the. Compare and articles of Amsterdam — Amsterdam Foundation, Contrast: Vw Cabrio to Vw Touareg. Compare and Contrast : VW Cabrio to VW Touareg At this stage of my life I find myself with a decent car , that has some issues. Writing Heritage School. Usually those are the type that teenagers tend to have, and most would like something better. Currently I own a VW Cabrio, and I would really like to see myself driving. PSYCH 550 Psychology of 5 steps to writing an essay Millfield School Learning Entire Course.

your examination, be sure to address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. PSYCH 550 Week 2 Individual Assignment Simple Stimulus Learning Paper Prepare a 1,050. usually takes five minutes, but this time we found ourselves sitting in the midst of a river of cars that crawled ahead a few feet at a time. Up ahead, we saw that three lanes were merging into writing for scholarships American Heritage one. Two cars had collided in a fender-bender, and article Chelsea College, not only that, but they had done so in for scholarships School a work zone where one.

kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Writing Chelsea Independent College. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice. If I had a journey of 40 miles away from my home, I would think of the essay Heritage School, following means of transportations: by bike , car and bus. AND CARS Cars and help with writing for university University of Central Florida, bicycles are increasingly playing important role in modern society.

It is impossible to imagine human life without such means of transportation as cars and bicycles which help people to have a better life. There are several key similarities and writing for scholarships, three main differences between cars and. PSYCH 550 Phoenix Course/Shoptutorial. your examination, be sure to news Colorado, address the following items: Describe the concept of learning. Distinguish between learning and performance. Compare and for scholarships American School, contrast the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. Write News (INTO). .

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Change management essay on McDonalds. Change management can be defined as ‘the process of continually renewing an organisation’s direction, structure, and capabilities to serve the ever changing needs to external and writing American School internal customers’ (Moran and essay Fountain Valley Brightman, 2001). As per Burnes (2004) change is a feature which is always present in the life of essay for scholarships American Heritage School organisation. It exist both at operational and strategic level. The organisation is aware about where the change is required and is fully capable of planning and implementing these changes in its structure .According to Burnes 2004; Rieley and Clarkson, 2001, the review of Amsterdam — Amsterdam Campus organisations strategy and organisational strategies are something which goes hand in hand and cannot be separated. In the words of Graetz, 2000, ‘Against a backdrop of increasing globalisation, deregulation, the rapid pace of technological innovation, a growing knowledge of workforce, and essay writing for scholarships shifting social and demographic trends, few would dispute that the primary task of management today is leadership of organisational change.’ In early times the theories believed that if the organisation keeps changing management system then it can no longer run effectively nor can it make any improvement in writing a newspaper article Independent performance (Rieley and Clarkson, 2001). It was believed that the essay writing for scholarships Heritage School company had to bring new management theory into routine in order to achieve efficiency and Fountain School improvement in the performance. This Means that an organisation has to give ample time for a particular change to be adopted and settle down in daily routine so that it can be run in efficient manner (Luecke, 2003).However in today’s time It is believed that staff of the organisation should go through continuous change to essay for scholarships American Heritage School achieve efficiency (burnes, 2004; Rieley and Clarkson, 2001)

According to a newspaper College Grundy, 1993 ‘change which is marked by rapid shifts in strategy, structure or culture, or in all three.’ Senior, 2002 adds to it saying that this kind of sudden change or implementation can be caused only writing Heritage, due to malfunctioning of the internal structure or it can be caused due to external pressure. Every organisation is looking to move forward by implanting a management system with will boost organisations strength and capability, enhancing its competitiveness. An organisation has to deal with unforeseen situations in today’s highly competitive environment and to deal with this it has to be more flexible and ready for any situational changes that it will have to help for university Florida make, like adoption of new technology or some latest development in Heritage theory for current market. In the fast moving economic environment there continuous changes in the type of technology, the way the product is marketed, trends etc. the organisation has to be more flexible to adopt changes in 5 steps to writing an essay School order to remain competitive in the global market. Change can be good in a way; it can make complex work very simple and essay writing American Heritage School helps to improve lives through new innovations. Organisations bring change in their working structures to review articles Campus be more competitive and providing the best to their customers. Essay American School! As per Carlpio (1998) change is something to do with implementation of new innovative ways of doing things, enabling the room for State University improvement in the system through practice. Essay School! Number of changes can be introduced in the system but the one which brings success to the organisation is to writing an essay Millfield considered to essay writing be the most important one of essay for university University Florida all. A change in management system is important specially when a particular system which the running organisation is facing difficulties or has some problems with it. Changes are brought in to improve the organisations performance. Changes are mostly brought due to forces which can be internal or external yee, 1998.

Changes can be brought at different level of an organisation (Swenson, 1997) The modification needed or which can be done maybe many or quite a few (Reigeluth, 1994). There could be various factors for change (Bamford and Forrester, 2003). Writing American Heritage! Change can be either internal or external. External include new technology which is current requirement of the industry or trend in the current economy which may have direct impact on profitability of the business. A structured method of change was adopted in 1946 by Lewin (Bamford and news article Colorado (INTO) Forrester, 2003) what lewin had to essay for scholarships American Heritage School say was something different than the old theories, he mentioned that in journal review Campus order to apply any new theory or change management an organisation will have to essay for scholarships American Heritage School first discard it’s old management structure or system. Management of changes pays a role in 5 steps to writing identifying objectives of the organisation and then sets goals accordingly. Its role is to implement new changes in the organisation in which it can be noticed that these changes ultimately bring innovations. The first step towards organisational change is to understand the essay writing for scholarships American requirements of the essay organisation and issues with the current management structure. The purpose of the paper is to provide insight of change management process in the chosen company which is essay writing Heritage McDonalds and a newspaper Independent College provide solution and recommendation for essay for scholarships American School the same. McDonalds is a company with mile stones of success which was started in 1954 by Ray Kroc as a burger shop which was then turned through extensive marketing planning and campaigning making it a global brands in write Colorado (INTO) today’s time.

It is renowned fast food brands all over the world with more than 32,000 branches in 117 countries.McDonald’s trade mark was a carefully created and was a successful hit which was a clown with a smile. The big Mac is essay writing one of the most successful products of McDonalds. McDonalds offers a menu which is article Chelsea Independent College almost the same all cross the world. The menu includes burgers, hamburgers, cheese burgers and drinks include soft drinks with fries. Writing American Heritage! McDonalds target customers includes kids, teens and families. It is writing a newspaper article Chelsea Independent College now the most renowned brand in fast food that sells ready to eat and quickly served fast food. In spite of being a famous brandMcDonaldsis still facing some issue and needs to change its management structure and image as the essay writing for scholarships people in essay arguments Valley of Colorado current time have a bit different expectations then those in previous days (McDonalds 2010) In today’s time people have become more diet and health conscious and are now moving towards food which is healthy and has more nutritional values. Fast food has always been known as junk food with no nutritional value and the popular opinion was that fast food results into essay writing for scholarships Heritage School obesity by increasing fats in the body. Help Writing University Of Central Florida! Today’s generation is more figure conscious and are looking forward for food which is low fat and high in proteins.

McDonaldsis facing problems as it is a well established fast food brand and fast food is for scholarships always related to unhealthy and news article State University fattening food, while competitors ofMcDonaldshave already made a move towards health conscious products by introducing entire new range which is essay writing American Heritage School healthy and non fattening. Amsterdam Foundation! McDonalds needs to change the way it markets itself and also need to introduce a new line of essay School products, as per essay arguments Fountain School, expectations of new generation’s customers. Advertising and marketing places an important role in establishing an image of the company in essay writing Heritage School the eyes of the society in which it operates. The scope of change widely lies in the implementation of integrated marketing strategy. In this paper the importance is given to marketing and advertisement part as to article Independent College launch new range of healthy products, the company has to implement new marketing practises. The new marketing campaign will adopt a new health conscious process which will flow along with a trend of fitting with health related issues like obesity in young children’s and create awareness about health eating practises. The main objective of this campaign is to promote its new products which are healthy and contains low fats. Essay Heritage! This will help create positive image of McDonalds among the arguments Valley School of Colorado customers and make them aware of new products which are healthier than the earlier once.

To execute these plans the company has to essay for scholarships School plan its new strategy of advertising and marketing ideas and put a team in place to implement this strategy. The company has also introduced new smoothes and shakes along with healthy breakfast which is help with writing for university University Florida available before 12 in all the branches in UK. The marketing integrated campaigns main aim to reflect company mission and new attitude is been seen by the public through companies new promotion and marketing plans. When implementing change, conflicts will always follow. Essay American School! There are always conflicts on the route towards changes either before or after it has been initiated. Change in management can be the reason to bring success or failure to an organisation; however conflicts can bring problems if there are not resolved in time as they can bring obstacles in the new management structure introduced. 5 Steps Millfield School! The management has to be aware that it should be capable of not only introducing necessary changes but also be able to implement them effectively clearing all the obstacles. The main reason to bring changes in the organisation structure especially through marketing campaign is to improve the image of the organisation and to make the essay for scholarships American Heritage company more competitive in its industry. The company might have to face many obstacles in doing this and these obstacles can be both external and internal. It is important to know the consent of the stakeholders of the organisation as they are very important part of the organisation.

Stake holders include share holders, customers, supplier and employees. It is journal review articles Foundation important for an organisation to keep all its stakeholders happy because if they are happy then it’s beneficial for the organisation. But there will conflict due to changes as there will be resistance from the writing for scholarships Heritage side of employees or customers themselves as often people resist changing. There may be employees or customers who would accept the articles University Amsterdam change happily but the problem is with those who do not agree with new management system which is to essay for scholarships Heritage School be implemented. Most of the time they may think that the change which has been brought is help of Central nothing to do with the issue or it may worsen the situations. I it may also happen that within employees they might not trust people who are in essay writing American Heritage School charge of this new change. Employees are not the only one who creates obstacles for change sometimes even the customers are not ready for change.

If they do not take to change positively then this may create issue for the company to achieve its goal for Millfield School the change. Along with this another problem that McDonalds may face is finding the right staff to drive this change that will be responsible to deliver these changes in department of American Heritage marketing and communication. In addition to from employees and customer’s resistance there can be other barriers this may affect the process of change. The strategic implementation is important part of changes; complications in this can be problematic for the company. There can be many other issues which can create barriers in changes such as conflict in view of share holders or the problem in finance and lack of budget of the company another problem can be sustaining the process of essay Fountain School change. As per carlopio 1998 innovation is something that does not happen in a day it takes series of phases to finish the process of change. Staff involved in this change management process must undergo some kind of training and learning procedure to make them competent to sustain the series of essay American School change until it attains success.

Inability to handle or lack of experience and knowledge in implementation of strategic change may not be able to achieve integrated marketing and communication strategies. So to overcome the problem of negative response the management of the company should make the write news article Colorado (INTO) staff go through necessary training and development programmes. The training programme should be such that it should provide complete understanding of the programme to the members of the staff. For Scholarships American Heritage! It should make sure that none of the information is missed in the training programme. After the programme there should be a follow up to check if all the members have understood and have sufficient information to support change. There can be internal conflicts between the members of the staff due to cultural issues.

This bring problem in harmony of the members in the organisation, leading to conflict within the article company. McDonalds must understand the cultures of its employees and should identify the problem that may be caused because of the writing American Heritage School conflicts if any (wikins and journal articles University of Amsterdam — Foundation Dyer, 1998) McDonalds should incorporate governance in American the system to enhance the quality of staff and the time spent by them at the work place. Different appraisal policies can help to boost employees. Working environment can also be improved so that staff members can have a good time while working for the company which at the same time also benefits the organisation. Strong organisation culture along with good management team is needed to solve such internal conflict issues. A Newspaper Chelsea Independent College! The second most important change is to sustain the success that had been achieved through implementation of new management process.

Change is part of the society and it comes again in regular interval of time (Carlopio, 1998). For the success of change management it is important that all the stakeholders know or are made aware that current change has been brought for the betterment of them. The management of the organisation should constantly analyse the current market trends and predict future scenarios, so that it can prepare itself for next set of writing for scholarships Heritage change that will be required for write news article Colorado University (INTO) the success of the organisation. The success of the new changes in essay writing for scholarships Heritage School management cannot be correctly predicted as it completely depends on the attitudes of the young generation and the society. Changing the image from fast seller to a company who provides healthy meal is write article Colorado University (INTO) not a easy process, but with strong marketing campaigns and American Heritage advertisement the message can be sent to people and help essay writing University of Central Florida there is a chance that this message will be delivered. It is imperative that the writing for scholarships Heritage School new image of McDonalds reaches all 117 countries.

After this message has been promoted there is a chance of getting rid of the critic’s comments that McDonalds brands have unhealthy and articles University Amsterdam Foundation Campus fattening. In other words innovation can be explained as a bunch or new ideas which have been successfully implemented (Kuhn, 1993). Innovation can be led by two factors which is technology based innovation and writing American School the second one is demand based innovation. However most of the Marbella International School of Hotel Management innovations are charged up realisation of demand instead of technology. Changes are mainly driven by constant research and development, performed by companies and essay for scholarships Heritage School RD is given a lot of attention.

Apart from RD there can be other ways of bringing innovation and one of the simplest ways to keep improving working practises while in the daily routine. Combination of knowledge and extensive work experience can help to innovate a new a better way of doing things. Radical innovation always come from the RD department of the Les Roches International School of Hotel Management company but innovations which are incremental can only essay writing American Heritage, come from through practice (Lundvall, 1992). McDonalds will have to plan and implement its new marketing campaigns effectively with effective ways of doing it. The company has to take care that its internal staff is news Colorado University competent in delivering the outcome and that is minimum resistance from the internally. There is essay School a good chance that McDonalds can change its image in food industry from junk food supplier to a health conscious meal provider. As per beverage 2003, the management of the International School organisation has to be on toss all the time to keep the organisation up to the market expectation.

They have to continuously analyse and monitor current market conditions so that that they are aware of the essay writing for scholarships Heritage current standing of the company in essay writing for university University of Central Florida the market. To bring innovation the management will have to keep a check on which ideas are working and essay American Heritage School which are not doing well when implemented and accordingly change the management structure. To implement a management change the leader must create a environment which is safe and will support new changes in the organisation. A above all It can be said that a change in management is good only if that particular change has potential to improve companies competitiveness in the market and bring more success to the organisation. The organisation should keep monitoring current situations and make changes only if it is felt necessary, as change in organisation is a complex decision and has direct impact on the image of the organisation. With proper care and preparation and organisation (McDonalds) can survive the toughest competition. Carlopio, J., (1998), “Implementation: making workplace and technical change happen”, McGraw-hill publication, Sydney. Swenson, D.X., (1997), “Requisite conditions for team empowerment”, empowerment in organisations, Vol. 5 No. 1.

Reigeluth, C. M. (1994). The imperative for systemic change. In C. 5 Steps To Writing! M. Reigeluth R. J. Garfinkle (Eds.), Systemic change in education (pp. 3-11). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications. Wilkins, A., Dyer, W. American Heritage! Jr (1988), “Toward culturally sensitive theories of cultural change”, Academy of Management Review , Vol. 13.

Kuhn, R.L., Ed., (1993), “ Generating Creativity and Innovation in Large Bureaucracies” , Quorum Books, London. Lundvall, B.A., (1992), “ National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of. Innovation and Interactive learning” , Pinter, London. Beverage, w. M., (2002), “slow change in fast culture”, Educause review, pp. 10-11. Moran, J. W. and Brightman, B. K. (2001) ‘Leading organizational change’, Career Development International, Burnes, B. Les Roches International School Of Hotel! (2004) Managing Change: A Strategic Approach to Organisational Dynamics, 4th edn (Harlow: Rieley, J. B. and essay for scholarships Heritage School Clarkson, I. (2001) ‘The impact of change on performance’, Journal of Change Management, Graetz, F. (2000) ‘Strategic change leadership’, Management Decision, 38(8), pp. 550–562.

Luecke, R. Writing Article Chelsea! (2003), “ Managing Change and Transition”, Harvard Business School Press, Boston. Burnes, B. (2004) Managing Change: A Strategic Approach to Organisational Dynamics, 4th edn (Harlow: Bamford, D. R. and writing for scholarships American School Forrester, P. State University (INTO)! L. (2003) ‘Managing planned and emergent change within an operations. management environment’, International Journal of Operations Production Management, issue 23, Vol. 5. McDonalds, (2010), “about McDonalds”, http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com/mcd, viewed on 5 th march 2011. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it. Including student tips and advice. Enter your email address below to receive helpful student articles and tips. 2017 The WritePass Journal. All rights reserved.

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