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Peer reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School

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Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Outline Essay. Intro to Human Geography. Field Note: Humans are geographers by nature. Peer Reviewed Scientific Articles Chaminade Preparatory? They can think territorially or spatially and have an School awareness of, and peer Chaminade curiosity about the distinctive nature of places. Even children possess qualities of writing Fanshawe, geographers, creating carefully mapped realms in tiny places. Places possess an emotional quality, and we all must belong somewhere. Humans#8217; insatiable curiosity and the place-centered element within us gave birth to geography as an academic discipline. Conquest and commerce generated a need to know about the world and pragmatism was added long ago by traders and explorers.

Geography literally means #8220;to describe the Earth,#8221; and the practical aspects of geography first arose among the Greeks, Romans, Mesopotamians, and Phoenicians. Scientific Articles Preparatory? I. What is Human Geography? A. Travel Articles Fanshawe? Human Geography: How people make places, how we organize space and society, and how we interact with each other across space. B. Globalization: Worldwide integration and reviewed journal Сollege Preparatory School development. II.What Are Geographic Questions? A.Physical Geography: The branch of geography concerned with natural features and phenomena of the earth#8217;s surface, as landforms, drainage features,climates, soils, and College vegetation. B.Spatial: Existing or occurring in space. C.Spatial Distribution: The arrangement of a phenomenon across space D.Pattern: What relationship exist between different places and things E.Medical Geography: The distribution of a disease F.Pandemic: An epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region (sometimes spread up to worldwide) G.Epidemic: A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. H.Spatial Perspective: A method used in geography to identify, predict and. explain the physical and human patterns in space. I.Location: Geographical position. J.Location Theory: An element of contemporary human geography that seeks answers to a wide range of questions-some theoretical, some practical K.Human-Environment: A spatial perspective that invites consideration of the relationship among phenomena in peer reviewed articles Chaminade Сollege School, individual places-including between humans and the world.

L.Region: An area on West Buckland School Earth#8217;s surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon M.Place: A location. N.Sense of Place: State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by scientific journal articles Сollege Preparatory remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character. O.Perception of Place: Belief or #8220;understanding#8221; about a place developed through books, movies, stories or pictures. P.Movement: The mobility of Ardingly College, people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet. Q.Spatial Interaction: Both Complementarity ( A condition that exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/ or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other#8217;s demands) and Intervening Opportunity (The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away). R.Distance: Measurement of the physical space between two places. S.Accessibility: The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from articles Сollege School other locations. T.Connectivity: The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network. U.Landscape: The overall appearance of an area. V.Cultural Landscape: The visible imprint of human activity.

W.Sequent Occupance: The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. III. Why do geographers use maps, and what d maps tell us? A.Cartography: The art and science of making maps, including data. compilation, layout, and design. Writing A Good Scholarship Essay School? Also concerned with the reviewed journal Preparatory interpretation of mapped patterns. B.Reference Maps: Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference C.Thematic Maps: Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon.

D.Absolute Location: The position of place of writing scholarship essay West Buckland School, a certain item on the surface of the peer reviewed scientific journal Chaminade Сollege School Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude. Help An Essay? E.GPS: Satellite-based system for scientific articles Chaminade Сollege, determining the absolute location of places or geographic features. F.Geocaching: A hunt for a cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the Internet by help me write Concord College other geocachers. G.Relative Location: The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places. H.Mental Map: Image of picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual#8217;s perception, impression, and knowledge of that space. Scientific Journal Сollege Preparatory? I.Activity Space: The space within which daily activity occurs. J.Generalized Map:When mapping data, whether human or physical geographers, cartographers, the argumentative Ardingly geographers who make maps, generalize the information the present on maps. K.Remote Sensing: A method of collecting data or information through the use of peer reviewed scientific journal articles Сollege School, instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study. L.Geographic Information Systems: A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.

IIII. Why are geographers concerned with scale and connectedness? A.Rescale: Involvement of players at other scales to travel Fanshawe, generate support for a position or an initiative. B.Formal Region:A type of region in scientific journal articles Chaminade Preparatory School, which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of building that are particular to Harrow, the culture of the people who have inhabited the area. C.Functional Region: A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. Articles School? D.Perceptual Region: A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity. E.Culture: The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of writing essay for ielts Harrow, a society. Peer Reviewed Scientific Journal Chaminade School? F.Culture Trait: A single element of normal practice in a culture G.Culture Complex: A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.

H.Cultural Hearth: Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture. I.Independent Invention:The term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other J.Cultural Diffusion:The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area. K.Time-Distance Decay:The declining degree of acceptance of an argumentative Ardingly College idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of journal School, origin or source. L.Cultural Barrier:Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations; ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture. M.Expansion Diffusion: The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in hour Lime School, such a way that the number of journal articles Chaminade Preparatory School, those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in write an essay hour, an expanding area of dissemination. N.Contagious Diffusion: The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to peer reviewed journal articles Сollege Preparatory, person. O.Hierarchical Diffusion: A form of diffusion in an essay Concord, which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples. P.Stimulus Diffusion:A form of diffusion in which cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. Q.Relocation Diffusion: Sequential relocation process in which the articles Chaminade Preparatory items being relocated are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and Harrow School relocate new ones. IIIII.

What are geographic concepts, and how are they used inanswering geographic questions? A.Geographic Concept: Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by peer reviewed articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory geographers in essay argumentative Ardingly, answering research questions. Peer Chaminade Preparatory? B.Environmental Determination: The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of writing articles Fanshawe College, human life, including cultural development. C.Isotherm: Line on a map connecting points of equal temperature values. D.Possibilism: Geographic viewpoint- a response to determinism- that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the critical factor in cultural development. E.Cultural Ecology: The multiple interactions and peer reviewed journal Сollege School relationships between a culture and the natural environment. F.Political Ecology:An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in help Concord College, which environmental issues both reflect, and are the reviewed scientific journal Chaminade Сollege result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.

University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 27 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Outline. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. Write? For Only $13.90/page.

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oltp resume Atlanta, GA 30338. Accomplished Senior IT professional with a background in business intelligence, reporting systems, data quality (including ETL), software design and full life-cycle development. Peer Journal Articles Сollege School? Capable of managing numerous projects while leading cross-functional teams to writing a good scholarship meet and exceed overall IT initiatives. Demonstrated consultative process skills with emphasis on technical, written, and relationship development. Business Objects Enterprise ETL (Data Services -- BODI / BODS, SSIS) Reporting (Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, Crystal Reports) Highlights of skills: Business Intelligence Data Warehousing Process Improvement Team Leadership Effectiveness. Strategic Planning Analysis Reporting Systems Architecture Process Implementation Software Design Development. Business Objects 4, XI r3, r2, r1, 6.5, …; WebIntelligence 4, XI, 6.5, …; UDT/IDT; Data Integrator 6; Data Services 4, XI 3.2, 4; DQM; SAP HANA; SSIS; Ab Initio; BEx Query Designer; PowerDesigner; Sagent; BrioQuery; Cognos; Genio; Erwin; Crystal Reports 2011, XI, 8.5; Xcelsius 2008; Lumira; IIS; Visio.

Basic 6; PL/SQL; SQL; Transact-SQL (T-SQL); ASP; JavaScript; VBScript; HTML; DHTML; Ajax; JQuery; CSS; JSON; XML; XSLT; eBay, Indeed, YQL, Google APIs; SAS; Cobol. SQL Server 2012, 2008, 2005, 2000, 7.0, 6.5; Oracle 11g, 10g, 9i, 8, 7; Teradata; Neteeza; SAP HANA; Hyperion Essbase; MySQL; MS Access; UDB; DB2; Sybase; Filemaker. SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Salesforce; Oracle ERP. MM, MDM, FICO, PI, PUR, COPA, CAPEX, MFG, SD, PP, QM, PM, MRP, UOM, WM, HCM, SCM, VM. Windows Server 2012/2008/2003/7/Vista/XP/2000/NT/98/95/NT; Unix/Linux; Mac OS; Mainframe. OLTP, OLAP, ODBC, ADO, RDO, OLE DB, SOAP, SSL, SAP Bank Analyzer, Forecasting, Trend Analysis, Star and peer scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege School Snowflake Schemas, Executive Dashboards, CDC (change data capture), 3-Tier Programming, TCP / IP, FTP, HTTP, ISO, LDAP, SSO, RPC. Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Inmon, Kimball, object oriented programming (OOD), rapid application development (RAD), Accelerated SAP (ASAP).

Consumer Products, Banking, Lumber, Legal, Logistics, Health Care, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Dept. of Defense, Energy, Electric, Automotive, Government, Politics, Insurance, Data Quality, Telecommunications, Building Materials, Financial Services, Commodities, Fleet Management, Furniture, Food Beverages, Mining, Coal, Debit Credit Cards, Pet Food, Animal Feed, Incentives, Marketing, Education. Teradata Certified Professional, Teradata Certified SQL Specialist. Development of BODS objects supporting multiple change data capture styles that include thousands of mappings and over seventy SAP DSO destinations. In An? All information sourced from and peer scientific journal articles writing to SAP HANA. Created BODS specific portions of Los Angeles (UCLA), mapping documents, including CDC information. Design (modeling) and peer reviewed Chaminade Preparatory construction of SAP HANA tables, functions, procedures, and views using a combination of Data Services, PowerDesigner, and HANA Studio. Performed modeling with HANA, using attribute, analytic, and calculation views. Migration of writing travel College, information from multiple source systems (out of SAP HANA) into SAP Bank Analyzer, with various data profiling and quality checks and use of a composite table to ease maintenance/LI Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SAP HANA, SAP Bank Analyzer, DB2, PowerDesigner, Windows 7. Creation of executive dashboard illustrating volumes, imbalances, accounting details, and customer information related to acquisition.

Improvement of existing dashboards – organization and bug fixes. Ensured data accuracy and providing of most important and up to date details by meeting with business analysts and management in multiple locales. Developed several multi-source IDT universes referencing relational databases, containing derived tables. Reviewed Scientific Journal Articles Chaminade Preparatory? Provided key and timely details in user-friendly dashboard to help management make informed decisions. Conversion of me write College, existing dashboards from Xcelsius to journal Chaminade Сollege School Lumira, for comparison purposes.

Environment: Xcelsius 4.1, SAP Lumira, IDT, MS Access 2012, SQL Server 2012, Windows 7. Successful and writing Fanshawe rapid conversion of multiple Ab Initio processes to reviewed scientific Сollege Preparatory School Data Services, implementing methodologies to increase maintainability, including simplification, logging, and inline documentation. Data analysis, modeling, and profiling using SQL Server and Data Services, to essay argumentative Ardingly provide new and reviewed Preparatory School improved structures and aid in writing travel College data quality checks related to conversion efforts. Cost savings through replacement of scheduler with scripting involving file watcher loops and, or database flag checks, moving files to staging and production folders, and emailing of results, including attachments. Executed technical leadership on the use of the technology platform and peer reviewed scientific Chaminade Preparatory School tools, mentoring in optimal use of argumentative, BODS in a SQL Server, SAP, and Unix environment. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SQL Server 2008, Oracle, SAP, Ab Initio, Acorn, Windows 7, Unix. Created and optimized executive summary and several linked dashboards, including hierarchical selectors, flash variables, and dynamic sales and reviewed scientific journal Chaminade Сollege marketing information based on live SAP BPC data. Built Crystal Reports detail reports connected to BI services pointed at Web Intelligence blocks containing BEx query details. Reports launched by in an hour Lime School and received prompts from reviewed Preparatory, Xcelsius dashboard. School? Acted as go-to for the team for technical concerns and reviewed articles Chaminade Сollege idea development.

Significant contributions to dashboard and ETL architecture and design, including best practices. Constructed reusable templates to speed batch and real-time ETL development in BODS and provide auditing functionality. Led training sessions explaining usage of templates and gathering ideas for an essay hour Lime, improvement. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Dashboard Designer (Xcelsius), Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT, IDT), Crystal Reports 4, SQL Server 2008, Neteeza, XML, Windows 7. Provided administrative assistance, including fixing of peer scientific Chaminade Сollege, scheduling errors, performance tuning, permissions management, and migrating jobs between systems. Write An Essay In An House School? Creation of new repositories and configuration of existing ones. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Oracle, Windows Server 2003, Windows 7. Constructed website to create, update, and delete batches of listings to eBay through XML using the eBay API and process related responses. Added code to reviewed Chaminade Preparatory send and process listing status checks to eBay. Created code to a good scholarship essay West Buckland encrypt and decrypt sensitive information used in website. Developed code in reviewed articles Chaminade website, stored procedures, and functions that wrote results to SQL Server database.

Scheduled listing creation (based on database contents) and status checking. Environment: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP, JQuery, XML, JSON, eBay API, SQL Server, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7. Converted data conversion processes from BW to ECC sources, using Data Services integrated with SAP. Created reporting system, including data model and dictionary, ETL, and WebI reports, based off SAP ECC material master information. Involved frequent discussions with offshore team members and business analysts.

Troubleshooting of reporting, universe, and ETL issues with onshore and personal University Los Angeles offshore engineers. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT), Oracle, SAP BW and ECC, Windows 7. Acted as systems/software engineer for peer Preparatory, system architecture planning, technical design, software development and Concord College test, and software, hardware, and interface integration. Installation and configuration of Business Objects Enterprise and Data Services, including Data Quality. Creation, improvement, and documentation of peer reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade School, HR reports and related universe, including standardization and applying best practices. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2, SQL Server 2008; Win Server 2008. Engineered conversion projects, using a self-designed standardized process, for migrating information between SAP 4.7 and 6.0. Converted information from SAP modules, including manufacturing, material master, basic data, fico, general plant, mdm, mrp, purchasing, qm, sales data, units of measure, warehouse mgmt, and work scheduling. Built and College implemented validation projects to journal Chaminade ensure quality data migration. Frequent daily interaction with SAP functional analysts and business to review requirements and results.

Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Oracle 9i; SQL Server 2008; SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Win XP. Converted and enhanced Cognos into WebI, Crystal, and Xcelsius reports with SAP data (HCM and SCM). University Of California, (UCLA)? Mapping of journal Chaminade Сollege Preparatory, reporting requirements from business terms into SAP objects. Creation and personal essays University Los Angeles maintenance of OLAP universes sourced from BEx queries. Writing and editing of SAP BEx queries using Query Designer. Scientific Chaminade Сollege Preparatory? Writing of writing travel articles Fanshawe, test scripts for accuracy, formatting, and performance. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SAP ECC 4.7 – HCM, SCM, SD; SQL Server 2008; Win XP. Guided and peer reviewed articles Сollege played key role in design document production, including ETL field mappings for 500+ fields in four systems (2000+ fields total), data dictionary, universe and report documents, and DDL scripts. Constructed universe and related star schema database, with focus on writing for college University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), user-friendly configuration of classes and scientific journal articles Сollege Preparatory objects. Universe automatically updated with self-created automation tool. Led report development effort, including creation of many Web Intelligence reports.

Designed and implemented Business Objects architecture, including hardware and software requirements, CMS information, security, and migration from XIr2 to XIr3. Championed standardization of me write an essay College, field mappings, data dictionary, and reviewed scientific articles Chaminade Сollege School universe and report documents. Coordinated offshore ETL efforts, including meetings and answering of daily questions. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Designer SDK; Crystal Enterprise SDK, Win XP. Designed, created, implemented, and tested dataflows, workflows, scripts, and write in an Lime jobs for multiple projects. Troubleshooting and performance tuning which reduced several jobs from several hours to less than one. Full lifecycle project focusing on surveys, including Data Services and Designer (universe) components. Migrated dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs between repositories. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Windows Server 2008, Windows XP.

Created and ran ETL jobs to load and manipulate Material Master and Vendor SAP information. Generated, put into successful production, and reviewed articles Chaminade Сollege School trained others in Concord data validation / testing tool, using Data Services and SQL Server procedures and functions. Administration and configuration of multiple datastores and servers. Upgrade of First Logic / Data Quality to journal articles Chaminade Сollege Data Services, with data and multiple country address cleansing. Developed, published, and help me write scheduled batch and real-time jobs. Produced contact duplicate checking ETL project, including match transforms and adjustable parameters. Constructed dashboards to review data validation results.

Environment: Data Services XI r3.1, 3.2; SQL Server 2005; SAP (extracts); Xcelsius 2008; Windows XP. Directed and coordinated organizational strategies of employees responsible for conceptualizing, designing, constructing, testing and implementing business and technical solutions for telecommunications data. Partnered with software and architectural teams to plan and build out new systems, understand scalability and constraints of software, and manage disaster recovery and business continuity planning. Peer Scientific Chaminade Сollege? Acted as key developer, leading a team of four (mostly remote) developers in a good scholarship essay West Buckland School the creation of Webi reports, universes, and Xcelsius dashboards consisting of proprietary telecommunications information. Implemented ETL related to numerous systems, including creating and manipulating tables with raw SQL/SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and conversion of peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade Сollege, SAS into write an essay hour House packages and reviewed scientific journal articles Сollege Preparatory SQL. Guided and developed the Business Objects teams, including providing hiring recommendations, training, mentoring and monitoring staff performance to writing essay Harrow effectively adhere to reviewed articles Сollege School company’s “best practice” initiatives. Environment: Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Designer, CMS, Admin); Crystal Reports XI; Crystal Xcelsius 2008; SQL Server 2005; Teradata; SSIS; Netezza; SAS; Aqua Data Studio; Windows XP. Responsible for creating Business Objects universes and reports to provide information on clinical trials. Successfully migrated universes and reports from development to test to production. Argumentative College? Created Oracle functions and stored procedures to supply comma-delimited lists and date information. Created functional and technical documentation for peer Сollege School, all reports and write in an Lime House School universes, outlining processes to create an peer scientific Chaminade Сollege, easily readable roadmap of writing essay Harrow School, all procedures for end users.

Environment: BusinessObjects XI r2; Oracle 9i; ARISg; Windows XP. Led efforts in the successful extraction and transformation of information from Excel to SQL Server database, designing a database geared towards OLAP reporting and later Essbase loading. Created over two thousand transformations to alter information extracted from Chaminade Preparatory School, Excel. Developed ETL program using VB with features for types of processes to display and run, status lists, storing metrics, HTML help, and write an essay in an hour Lime House options to skip process with errors to convert text values to peer reviewed scientific journal articles Preparatory School zero’s. Environment: SQL Server 2005; Visual Basic 6; Hyperion Essbase; Microsoft Excel 2003; OLAP; Windows XP. Responsible for writing essay Harrow School, gathering customer requirements, architecting prototypical solutions, acquiring customer acceptance, and managing software processes from initial design to final implementation and deployment. Peer Articles? Primarily responsible for migrating Sybase, Business Objects (6.x), and Oracle Sagent data warehouses to provide commodities-related financial information to client and internal business users. Key Projects: Migrated three reporting systems to argumentative College Business Objects XI and Crystal Reports XI, with Oracle 9i. Administration using Central Management Console to journal Chaminade Preparatory School schedule reports, configure user and group security, and manage categories, folders, universes, and a good essay School licensing. Created and peer reviewed scientific articles Preparatory School tested reports and writing essay Harrow universes with information about commodities, futures, and options. Installed, tested, and maintained Business Objects XI (including Crystal) client and journal articles Chaminade server software.

Environment: Oracle 9i; Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Crystal Reports, Performance Management, SDK); Sagent; Visual Basic 6; Scripting (VB, Java, batch); ASP; HTML; XML; CSS; SDLC; Cisco VPN; Windows XP. IT Consultant 1995 to essay argumentative Ardingly 2006. Key Clients: LeasePlan, Lockheed Martin, WPAFB (Air Force), Haworth, HPFS, ATT, Travelers, CIT, Cigna, Anheuser-Busch, Peabody Group, MasterCard, Ralston Purina, Maritz, Davis Interactive Client:nbspnbsp LeasePlan -nbspAtlanta, GA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2005 to 2006) Created a Business Objects data warehouse to journal articles provide leasing information to 100 key clients. Designed and rolled out an innovative reporting system using Webi, including linked reports. Me Write College? Created conversion utility supporting improved (Excel) and unavailable formats (Word and HTML). Client:nbspnbsp Lockheed Martin (US Navy) -nbspNew Orleans, LA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2004 to 2005) Gained acceptance of peer Сollege, a conversion of an writing essays for college of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Access reporting system into Business Objects. Developed, documented, and performance tuned thirteen reports and associated universes.

Conducted qualitative and quantitative analysis to define project scopes and technical criteria. Created many Data Integrator jobs, workflows, and dataflows supplying source data for systems. Collaborated with key internal and external decision makers to recommend process enhancements, including creation of conversion utility for scientific journal Chaminade, perfecting Word and Excel files from Excel exports. Writing Essays (UCLA)? Recipient of the “Lockheed Martin Outstanding Performer” Award (2004). Peer Scientific Journal Chaminade? Client:nbspnbsp WPAFB (US Air Force) -nbspDayton, OH,nbsp Business Objects Technical Support Analyst (2005 to 2006) Provided expert analysis and assistance for essay argumentative Ardingly College, the Air Force Knowledge System application, supporting over 450 tickets arising from over 300 users. Tested and troubleshot WIS and INF errors, training, and network, database and peer Сollege Preparatory universe issues. Argumentative College? Troubleshot invalid data resulting from universe and database problems. Client:nbspnbsp Haworth -nbspHolland, MI,nbsp Data Integrator Developer (2005 to reviewed scientific Chaminade Сollege Preparatory 2006) Gathered specifications and developed, tested, and rolled out transformations and universes for AP, PO, and FA segments of Oracle Financials using Business Objects Data Integrator and Designer.

Client:nbspnbsp HPFS -nbspMurray Hill, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Served as financial reporting analyst, balancing data related to a conversion of a loan system. Provided support to users for report requests and maintenance, creating and writing personal essays Los Angeles (UCLA) testing 30 reports. Scientific Journal Chaminade Preparatory School? Analyzed, documented, and implemented recommendations for Fanshawe College, SQL Server DTS scripts. Client:nbspnbsp ATampT -nbspBedminster, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Reporting analyst/administrator for a data warehousing project targeted to analyze and improve call center performance and peer reviewed articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School processes. Responded to hour Lime School daily maintenance requests, streamlining processes through the installation, administration and configuration of Business Objects, including Publisher.

Client:nbspnbsp Travelers -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Business Analyst (2002 to 2003) Main point of contact in a Focus mainframe, SAS to client-server (Business Objects, Crystal Reports) migration and reviewed scientific journal Chaminade Сollege conversion of the Annuity Reporting System. Collaborated with cross-functional teams to an essay in an Lime School develop 42 reports including prototype creation, testing, documentation, performance tuning, and requirements gathering and design. Conducted in-depth data analysis including data dictionary, physical data model, entity relationship diagrams, and PL/SQL queries for balancing and reviewing integrity of data. Client:nbspnbsp CIT Group -nbspLivingston, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2002) Served as lead financial reporting analyst in a Citation mainframe to client-server (ALS) Business Objects implementation of a data warehouse (Oracle, Sybase) for leasing. Partnered with end-users and key internal decision makers on requirements gathering. Full life-cycle development and performance tuning of 54 flawless reports using Business Objects Reporter, Designer, Supervisor, and Broadcast Agent. Trained, mentored and monitored new and existing developers, instilling “best practices” to adhere to internal protocols and procedures. Client:nbspnbsp Cigna -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Data Warehousing Consultant - Genio / Brio (2001 to 2002) Responsible for the enhancement and maintenance of a customized Brio data warehouse reporting application for investment data, including transforming source data (Genio). Gathered scopes and specifications to peer scientific journal articles Chaminade School test and personal essays University Los Angeles (UCLA) provide daily support of Brio and peer reviewed articles Preparatory Genio. Essay School? Taught end users on peer Сollege Preparatory, the capabilities, enhancements, and limitations of Brio. Client:nbspnbsp Anheuser-Busch, Inc. -nbspSt.

Louis, MO,nbsp Senior Business Objects Developer (1999 to 2001) Implemented full lifecycle design of argumentative College, a 60 report data warehouse for pricing and peer reviewed Сollege promotions, that aided retailer sales tracking and writing personal essays for college University marketing applications. Administered Business Objects repository, security, setup, universes, and reviewed articles Сollege School report scheduling, including an upgrade from version 4 to 5. Constructed automated universe and report documentation with Business Objects SDK. Participated in Oracle ETL (transformation) related efforts, including creation of PL/SQL functions, packages, stored procedures, views, tables, indexes, explain plans, and an essay College types. Client:nbspnbsp Peabody Group -nbspSt. Peer Reviewed Сollege? Louis, MO,nbsp Business Objects Developer (1999) Production included report creation, design, and prototyping security, universe maintenance and origination, data definition and manipulation, testing and layout. Client:nbspnbsp MasterCard -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1998 to 1999) Accountable for the conception of financial reporting system and associated graphical user interface, generating financial reports using Crystal Reports, VB, and Oracle. Client:nbspnbsp Davis Interactive (Interchange Technologies) -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1995 to 1999) Responsible for design and support of multimedia projects with Macromedia Director and VB. Created graphical user interfaces and database engines to essay for ielts Harrow School interact with databases and kiosks. Assembled software for reusable client incentive system (CIMS for Windows).

Performed database administration, including backups, scheduling tasks, and setting up users and groups. Designed, developed, and tested reports and associated interface using Visual Basic and Crystal Reports. Produced reusable Visual Basic tools, including batch form dynamic link library, report executable creator, system administration form creator, data source creator, and reviewed journal articles Сollege School SQL Server administrative software. Environment: Visual Basic 6; Crystal Reports; SQL Server 6.5; Filemaker; Windows NT. B.S.

Accounting; Minor: Business Management, December 1996. Recipient of scholarship essay West, Academic Scholarship. Tutor: General Statistics, 1995-97. Teradata Certified Professional; Teradata Certified SQL Specialist.

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GERMINATION CUES FOR SEEDS Academic Essay. GERMINATION CUES FOR SEEDS. PRACTICAL 2A GERMINATION CUES FOR SEEDS. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES. At the end of this Practical, students should be able to: ? frame a question that can be answered using scientific method; ? design an experiment to peer reviewed Preparatory, answer a scientific question;

? execute the experiment; ? analyse the results; ? present the College, findings as a talk with PowerPoint slides. In many vegetation types both here and overseas, fire is a regular occurrence. It is common to find that germination of seeds of plant species present in these vegetation types is limited to the months immediately following a fire, with little or no germination in the inter-fire period. This flush of germination occurs when there is plenty of light at the soil surface; nutrient levels in the soil are usually elevated, as the fire has removed the previous vegetation cover, and nutrients present in the biomass are returned to the soil as ash. Further advantages to germinating in the immediate post-fire period may include reduced activity of soil-borne pathogens (killed by peer reviewed Chaminade Сollege School, the fire), and satiation of seed/seedling predators with overwhelming numbers of seeds/seedling.

Observation of the flush of germination that follows a fire then leads to the following question: how do the seeds ?sense? that a fire has occurred? There are a number of signals or ?cues? that might operate to initiate germination: a partial list would include. ? the pulse of heat (temperature achieved, for given time) ? chemicals released by the burning process. ? elevated nutrient levels in the soil. ? elevated light levels at soil surface.

In order for essay, us to know which one or ones of these (or other) factors or ?cues? might stimulate germination, we need to conduct experiments to test the effect of each factor (or combination of factors) on journal articles Chaminade Сollege School germination. For one group of plants something is known about how the seeds ?sense? a fire; this group is the members of the Pea Family (Fam. Fabaceae) and the related Wattle Family (Fam. Mimosaceae). The seeds of members of these two plant Families will not germinate readily when first released from the parent plant – they are said to essays University Los Angeles, be dormant (Auld #038; O?Connell 1991, Vleeshouwers et al. 1995). In this case, the dormancy is imposed by a ?hard? seed coat which prevents the seed taking up water, the critical first step in germination (Langkamp 1987, Morrison et al. 1992, 1998).

Heating (or scarifying) the seed breaks this mechanical barrier to water uptake, and allows germination to proceed (Burrows et al. 2009). However initial investigations of peer scientific journal Chaminade Сollege School non-legume species such as Grevillea (Fam. Proteaceae) showed that heat shock (by itself) had little effect on germination (Auld #038; Tozer 1995). Interest recently has centred on essay argumentative Ardingly College smoke as a source of a germination signal. A positive germination response to smoke or smoke-derived extracts has been detected in 12 fynbos species from South Africa, including species in the Asteraceae, Ericaceae, Restionaceae and Proteaceae (Brown 1993, Brown et al. Peer Scientific Journal Chaminade Сollege Preparatory! 1993), Themeda triandra from in an hour Lime, South Africa (Baxter et al. 1994), Nicotiana attenuata from America (Baldwin et al.

1994), and 45 species of Autralian native plants from West Australia, including species in the Rutaceae, Dilleniaceae, Proteaceae, Myrtaceae and Cupressaceae (Dixon et al. 1995). Reviewed Articles Preparatory School! This range of species from different continents suggests that stimulation of help me write an essay germination by smoke or smoke-derived compounds may be common in peer reviewed journal Сollege, fire-prone vegetation (Baxter et al. 1994). The response of writing College Themeda australis to smoke was investigated by Clarke and reviewed Сollege French (2005). In some cases, the two fire cues combine to affect germination: this combination can be positive e.g. highest germination occurs if both heat and smoke are applied to seeds of Grevillea (Morris 2000; Kenny 2000), and some Kunzea species (Thomas et al. 2003). The application of both cues was necessary to increase germination in some Baeckea species; application of either cue singly was ineffective (Thomas et al. 2003). In some species where heat shock negatively affected germination, treatment with smoke reversed this negative effect (Thomas et al. 2007).

To investigate these phenomena we will use seeds from two different native species (TBC) and writing a good scholarship an agricultural cereal species for comparison. Rather than have the whole class follow the one experimental design, each group will discuss amongst themselves, and design and execute one experiment. For the conduct of the experiment, we have provided the following resources: ? seeds of two native species and a cereal; ? ovens set to peer scientific journal Preparatory, cover a range of temperatures (25oC, 80oC, 100oC and 120oC) (heating effects); ? smoked water and essay smoked vermiculite (smoke cues); ? compost, pots and incubators for germination. Some of the questions your experiment might ask are: 1. What is the best temperature of ?heat shock? to stimulate germination (for given duration of heat exposure)?

2. How does time of heat exposure of the seeds (for a given temperature of heat exposure) affect the germination response? 3. How does heat affect the germination response of the cereal species compared to a native species? 4. Reviewed Scientific Chaminade Preparatory School! Do both native species respond in the same way to the same fire-related germination cues? 5. Writing Travel Fanshawe College! Does a species show a germination response to smoke, or to peer reviewed scientific journal Chaminade Сollege Preparatory, smoke + heat? Whatever question from the above list (or any other reasonable question you pose), you will have to think about the requirements of good experimental design: ? your treatments. ? your controls. ? numbers of replicates. READ BOX 1 BEFORE YOU DESIGN YOUR EXPERIMENT. BOX 1 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN.

In order to answer the question or questions that you ask in this Practical, you will have to design an experiment. A brief word about some standard experimental designs, and the methods used to analyse them, is appropriate here. Scholarship Buckland! As we have already seen in this Subject, there is a close link between the way data is gathered, and how it can be analysed: if inferential statistics are to peer scientific journal Chaminade Preparatory School, be used in analysis, the in an hour Lime House, data must be obtained in a way that satisfies the assumptions of these tests. One-way or Single Factor Design. Here, different levels of one factor are applied to the experimental subjects, and their response is measured in some way.

In the peer articles Chaminade Preparatory School, context of the seed germination experiment, an example of write Lime School a Single Factor design would be to vary time of exposure of wattle seed to a given, fixed temperature (say 800C). Different levels of the Time of heat exposure factor are applied to batches of seeds ? e.g. 1,2,5,10 and 20 minutes. The data from such an experiment might look like Table 2.1. The results of scientific journal Chaminade Preparatory School such an experiment would be analysed by a One-Way Analysis of Variance (see Banksia Practical). Table 2.1 Sample data from a Single Factor seed germination experiment. TIME OF HEAT EXPOSURE 1 min 2 min 5 min 10 min 20 min. replicate 1 0 0 4 9 0. replicate 2 0 2 7 10 0. replicate 3 1 0 4 7 2. replicate 4 0 1 3 6 1.

Two-way or Factorial Design. Here we add a second Factor to the experiment. Writing Travel College! If all levels of the second factor are tested with all levels of the first Factor, the design is Chaminade Preparatory said to be a Factorial Design. Let?s say that in addition to testing Time of heat exposure of the seed as a Factor, you wished to add Temperature of exposure as the second factor – say 600C, 800C, 1000C and 1200C. The combination of the two Factors can be seen in Table 5.2: Table 5.2: Factorial combination of two experimental factors (1. time of an essay hour School heat exposure; 2. temperature of journal articles Preparatory School heat exposure). An Essay In An Hour Lime House! Every Temperature of scientific articles Chaminade Сollege School exposure is tested at each Time of exposure. TIME OF HEAT EXPOSURE 1 min 2 min 5 min 10 min 20 min. TEMP.

OF HEAT EXPOSURE 600C 600C 600C 600C 600C. 800C 800C 800C 800C 800C. 1000C 1000C 1000C 1000C 1000C. 1200C 1200C 1200C 1200C 1200C. In this case, replicate petri dishes would be set up as above, and the number of seeds germinated in each one scored at the end of the observation period. These data would then be analysed by a Two-Way Factorial ANOVA, which would let you judge the significance of each of the two Factors used (Time of a good West exposure, Temperature of journal School exposure), and any interaction between the two Factors (if one exists). To do a Two-Way ANOVA, and write in an hour interpret it, see Appendix IV and your Demonstrator. Replication, Randomness and peer scientific journal Chaminade Preparatory School Independence in experimental design.

We have already met the requirements for data to House, be random and independent when we have used t-tests and ANOVA in earlier Practicals. In field sampling, we have used random number tables to select our sample units to satisfy these requirements. In experiments, there are other steps to peer journal articles Сollege Preparatory School, take to ensure that the measurements we take on for ielts our experimental subjects are replicated, random and independent. Replication: the journal Chaminade Preparatory School, treatment is applied not merely to a single experimental subject, but to a number of them, and the average response of subjects to writing scholarship School, the treatment is calculated. The response of a single subject to an experimental treatment, while interesting, cannnot be taken as indicative as the general response of subjects to peer scientific journal Сollege, the treatment. Subjects differ from each other in all sorts of ways (size, health, previous history ….) and Harrow all of these affect the response of the subjects to the treatment.

What we are trying to see is whether there is any general response of subjects to the treatment, given this background level of variability in the population. Randomness: this is reviewed Chaminade Preparatory required in experiments so that any effects of treatments we detect can be clearly inferred to be the result of the treatment, and not some artefact of the way we have run the Ardingly College, experiment. Steps which we take to obtain random data, and so avoid getting a spurious result, would include. ? random allocation of subjects into treatments. If for peer scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege School, example in our seed experiment, we put all the big, healthy-looking seeds into one treatment, and all the small, unhealthy-looking seeds into another treatment, any differences between the essay Ardingly, treatments could simply reflect this initial non-random allocation of reviewed Chaminade Сollege School seeds into treatments. So subjects must be randomly allocated into treatments to avoid bias in the estimation of treatment effects.

? random arrangement of writing travel articles pots after treatment. Journal Chaminade Preparatory School! The pots need to be left for several weeks, to allow germination to occur. It is important to randomly arrange the College, pots in a stack to be left in the growth cabinet – if all the reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege, replicates of one treatment are put together, and there is some peculiarity of the growth cabinet where they sit (warmer, colder, ligher, darker than the for college of California, (UCLA), rest of the peer articles Chaminade Preparatory School, cabinet) germination of the seeds in these replicates may be affected by the particular growth conditions in that part of the cabinet. Argumentative College! This would be confused with a treatment effect. The requirement for articles Сollege School, random arrangement of experimental subjects in a growth area is referred to in an hour School, as random interspersion. Scientific Articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School! So random interspersion of the experimental subjects in the incubation area guards against for ielts Harrow School, spurious effects due to peculiarities of the peer scientific journal Сollege School, growth cabinet. Independence: as for randomness, independence of the data is required so that any effects of treatments that are detected can be unambiguously inferred to the result of the treatment. Many of the steps taken to an essay Lime House, ensure randomness will also ensure independence, but there are some additional procedures involved for indepencence of data from experiments:

? independent application of the peer scientific journal Сollege, treatment to of California, (UCLA), replicates. This is an issue often overlooked in experimental design, but it is of critical importance. We have already seen that replication of subjects is required, to estimate the average response of subjects to an experimental treatment, against the background of variability due to other sources present in the population. Peer Reviewed Scientific Сollege Preparatory! Given that replication of subjects is required, replication of applications of the treatment are also required for the same reason – a single application of the treatment is not adequate to estimate the help, general effect of the treatment on the population. If only a single application of the treatment is made, even if to journal Preparatory, replicate subjects, any peculiarity of that single application would affect all the subjects to writing personal for college Los Angeles (UCLA), which is was applied, and this could be confused with a treatment effect.

This practice is all too common in science, and reviewed scientific articles Chaminade Сollege School is referred to writing personal essays for college Los Angeles (UCLA), as pseudoreplication (Hurlbert 1984). Thus, there must be repeated and independent applications of any experimental treatment to experimental subjects. See the reviewed scientific Сollege School, discussion of writing essay this problem in seed germination experiments in reviewed articles School, Morrison #038; Morris (2000). A true replicate is thus the smallest experimental unit to essay College, which a treatment is independently applied. If the peer reviewed journal Сollege Preparatory, treatment is articles College independently applied to replicate experimental units, the deviations of the responses of these replicates from the treatment mean are independent of each other, and are independent estimates of the background variability (or ?error?) in the system. If the treatment is peer scientific journal Сollege Preparatory School only applied once, to replicate subjects, the deviations of the responses of these replicates from the help an essay Concord, treatment mean are not independent of each other – they are linked by being part of the single application of the reviewed School, treatment. In order to tell whether a given treatment has had an effect, we compare the response of subjects receiving the treatment, to the same response of subjects not receiving the treatment. Subjects not receiving the treatment are called controls.

Sometimes, when applying the treatment involves a number of steps, we will use procedural controls (handled in same way as treated subjects, without receiving the argumentative, actual treatment. Thus in trials of a new drug, control subjects receive a dummy pill, called the scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege, placebo, to imitate the effects of taking a substance on the subject). For our seed treatments, the procedural control for putting seeds in a heated fan-forced oven would be to place seeds in an unheated, fan-forced oven. If a significant germination response is detected in the heat-treated seeds, it can be safely concluded that the heat produced the effect (and not the convection oven by itself). Once you have designed an experiment, talk over the details with Natalie and/or Alison. After the discussion, execute the experiment (as originally designed, or modified after discussion) using the methods below. As noted in essay argumentative Ardingly College, Box 1, a replicate in an experiment is the reviewed scientific journal, smallest unit to me write Concord College, which a treatment is independently applied.

In our case, treatments will be applied separately to a seed lot of 6 – 10 seeds in a pot, and the response measured as the percent germination of the seeds at the end of the experiment. Peer School! Thus the replicate is the seed lot (and not the writing Fanshawe College, individual seeds in it). To satisfy the requirement for independent application of journal Chaminade Preparatory smoke and heat, seed lots must be put treated one after another (and not all put in simultaneously). This ensures repeated, independent application of the treatment. . Treating seed samples with heat. 1. place an articles College individual seed lot in a glass petri dish, and leave it in the oven (with the lid off) for reviewed Preparatory School, specified period of time.

2. Repeat for your remaining replicates. Treating seed samples with smoked water or smoked vermiculite. Choose to writing essay Harrow, either regularly water your seeds with a dilution of smoked water or use the smoked vermiculite as top dressing. Why would you choose one over the other? Germinating seed lots. Seeds will be planted in compost in pots and watered regularly. You will be in charge of watering them. The data you will collect will be the number of seeds geminated per pot (= individual replicate treatment). DATA COLLATION AND ANALYSIS.

? mean no. of seeds germinating in each treatment. ? Standard Error or Confidence Limits around the mean. This is the reviewed journal, basic step of summarizing your results. Do not graph results for help an essay, individual replicates within treatments. Decide what type of graph best presents the results you have obtained. Since each group performed its own experiment, it is difficult to specify in advance what will be the most appropriate method of articles Сollege Preparatory School analysis for your data. Consult with a demonstrator to see what (if any) statistical analysis can be used for your data.

This goes back to your. ? original hypothesis, and the. ? experimental design you used to test it. It may be that no method is appropriate; if one is, the help an essay College, demonstrator will help you work through it. You may be able to use. ? t-test (for comparing 2 samples)

? 1-Way ANOVA (2 samples, single factor design) ? 2-Way ANOVA (two factors varied in peer scientific journal articles Сollege, design) You may need to scholarship Buckland, check Homogeneity of Variances amongst samples being compared (Banksia Practical); transform data if variances are heterogeneous. ASSESSMENT OF SEED GERMINATION PRACTICAL. Assessment of Practical 2A ?Germination of seeds? will be in the form of. ? joint Group Power Point presentation (50% of marks) ? talk by each student (50% of marks) POWER POINT PRESENTATIO. each Group will present their experimental results of the seed germination Practical as a short talk supported by Power Point slides (15 minutes? total). Journal Preparatory School! The presentation will have the following sections: A clear and concise introduction covers all required information, with comprehensive context and background information, creative aims and research questions.

Clearly and concisely states the travel Fanshawe College, study design, lists all steps in the methods and describes all methods to handle and analyse the data. highly effective use of table and /or graphs that highlight all the trends and patterns of data; Text gives clear, concise summary of the results. Answers with good insight into underlying processes are given; all are clearly and correctly linked to results. References are well used to convincingly confirm/refute/extend each of the findings, references come from a wide range of quality sources. Consistently correct use of the Harvard referencing style. (I want great report and not copy and must be Australian English and easy understood please)

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979 words essay planets and solar system. 979 words essay planets and solar system. 979 words essay planets and solar system. A planet is a celestial body that revolves around a central star and does not shine by its own light. The only planetary system that is known to man is our solar system. It is made up of nine planets. The nine major planets in our solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and peer scientific Preparatory Pluto. There are also many other minor planets, which are also in our solar system, but they are unimportant compared to the nine major planets. Mercury, which is the planet that is closest to the sun, is the first and smallest of the inner planets.

It is speculated that the heat from the me write an essay College sun made it impossible for the gases present to peer journal articles Chaminade become part of the Buckland planetary formation. The surface of Mercury is extremely hot. It is approximately 470 degrees Celsius on the surface and is thought to be even hotter at the two hot spots. These hot spots are on peer reviewed scientific journal articles Сollege School opposite ends of the equator. It is the heat of the surface that makes it impossible for Mercury to have any type of atmosphere. Mercury orbits the sun once every 88 days and has a true rotation period of 58.6 days. Image Source:

Venus is the second closest planet to the sun and argumentative College is said to be the most closely resembles to Earth in size, density, and distance from the sun. Most scientists know Venus as the sister planet to the Earth. It is called this because it closely resembles the Earth#8217;s mass, density and peer scientific journal articles Chaminade School diameter. Essay Ardingly. The only thing different is that Venus is shrouded in thick clouds that completely hide the scientific journal Chaminade Preparatory School surface of the planet. The surface temperature is also much warmer than that of Earth. Venus completes one revolution around the sun in 224.7 days.

This makes the Venusian day equal to argumentative Ardingly 117 earth days. It is thought that this slow rotation may be the reason why Venus has no magnetic field. The atmosphere of Venus is made up of 98% carbon dioxide and 2% Nitrogen. This atmosphere also has the presence of helium, neon and argon. Mars is the fourth furthest away from the reviewed journal articles sun and writing essay School is recognized by its reddish colour. Reviewed Journal Articles Сollege. Mars is also very much like the me write Concord College Earth. More than any other planet in the solar system, Mars has characteristics that make it an Earth­like world.

One thing that is very similar to Earth is the rotation period. Mars rotation period is only thirty-seven minutes longer than the Earth#8217;s. This would explain why Mars has significant seasonal changes just as Earth does. Peer Reviewed Chaminade Сollege School. Mars is an essay hour extremely hard to understand due to the effect of blurring that is caused by the two atmospheres of Mars. It is also known that dust storms are prevalent and leaves the surface of Mars covered by a red haze.

Jupiter is the fifth planet and is the most massive of all the planets in this solar system. Its mass represents more than two-thirds of the total mass of all the planets, or 318 times the mass of the Earth. Jupiter#8217;s density is quite low at peer articles, 1.3 g/ cubic cm. The atmosphere of Jupiter contains water, ammonia, methane and carbon. It is writing essays University Los Angeles thought by scientists that there are three cloud layers. The wind activity on Jupiter is quite fierce and peer reviewed journal Сollege moves in jet streams parallel to the equator. The weather on Jupiter is help Concord College still very hard for scientists to understand. There is not enough information to truly understand how the weather is on this planet. Jupiter is surrounded by rings of light which is very prominently visible to earth. The ring particles must generally be about as big as the wavelength of light, that is, only a few microns. That is scientific Сollege why these rings are faint or diffuse.

The rings are what Jupiter is known for. Saturn is a planet which is writing College also known for its rings and when viewed has a yellow or greyish color. The color is from the gaseous atmosphere and the dust particles in that atmosphere. The atmosphere is mostly a clear hydrogen- helium atmosphere. There are also traces of peer Chaminade Сollege Preparatory methane, phosphine, ethane, and acetylene. This atmosphere is much different than that of the writing articles Fanshawe College Earth#8217;s. Saturn orbits the sun with a period of 29.4577 tropical years. It is 1.427 billion Km away from the sun and is therefore a cold planet. It has an reviewed scientific journal articles Сollege Preparatory equatorial diameter of 120,660 Km, which makes it the second largest planet in our solar system. The next planet is Uranus. The main problem scientists have with Uranus is that, die lack of visible surface features means that it is difficult to measure the rotation period of Uranus (Hunt/Moore, 388, 1983).

Uranus has an equatorial diameter of 51,000 Km, which is almost four times as much as Earth. The atmosphere is made up of mostly methane gas and argumentative therefore the planet has a red tint or a bluefish green color. Uranus also has rings but unlike Saturn these rings have almost no small particles. Peer Scientific Сollege Preparatory. Neptune is the last of the gaseous planets in our solar system. Its atmosphere is much like Uranus#8217;s because it is write an essay in an mostly helium and hydrogen. It also contains methane. Neptune has a diameter of peer articles Chaminade School 49,500 km and a mass 17.22 times that of the Earth.

It has an average density of 1.67 /cm 3 . Neptune also has rings like its other gaseous partners, but they are very faint. Not a great deal is known about Neptune. Essays For College Of California, (UCLA). The final planet, which is also the smallest and the furthest away from the sun is Pluto. This planet is very hard to see therefore not a lot is known about its physical characteristics. Scientists do know that it has a thin methane atmosphere. Little is known about this planet because it is so far away from die Earth and the sun. Scientists are always learning new things and more data will arise in the future. Welcome to!

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Essay on Homosexuality (2012) by D.J. Webb. Essay on Homosexuality. Published on the Libertarian Alliance Blog. Homosexuality is in many ways an awkward subject to write about. In the old days, such things were not mentioned in polite conversation. Even today, the continual discussion of sexual orientation can grate: surely such things are meant to be intimate and private? However, conservatives do not set the tone of public debate, and for good or ill homosexuality has become a high-profile topic of political discussion.

First of all, it is worth pointing out that homosexuality has not been recently invented. There always have been men who were attracted to other men. Peer Journal Chaminade Сollege School? While strict homosexuality is found among a very small minority of the population, it is likely that the numbers of writing articles Fanshawe College men who have been attracted to some other men, or who have experimented along those lines, is much larger than the core homosexual demographic group. It is difficult to cite accurate figures, as not everyone is sure of scientific Сollege his own sexuality, let alone confident in discussing it with researcher. The Kinsey Report compiled in essay College 1948, entitled “Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male”, claimed that 46% of the men interviewed reacted sexually to another male at some point in their lives (the methodology that informed the report, including the selection of the pool of interviewees, has been questioned by some). Yet a government survey in the UK in scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege School 2010 put the “gay” section of the population at just 1.5%. For Ielts? This is scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege, a long way from being the statistical norm, leading some conservatives to conclude that “abnormality” makes homosexuality a “perversion” or even an illness, but the American Psychiatric Association declassified homosexuality as a mental disorder in 1973. From a strictly psychiatric point of view, a phenomenon often combined with high intellectual ability and writing essay West Buckland otherwise normal functioning in society should not be regarded as a mental disorder. Furthermore, it is fair to say that homosexuality is so widely found in human societies and across the peer reviewed scientific Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School ages that, while not being the statistical norm, it must be described as a natural phenomenon. Societies need to be reproduced, and should not be based purely around sexual urges, and so homosexuality cannot be thought of as a potential building block of society, but homosexuality is a human foible that will always exist in society. It is an interesting question whether a more open social attitude towards homosexuality will lead to its greater prevalence, as people who would otherwise repress their urges do not feel the need to do so.

The reason why some menand homosexuality seems to help me write College, be much more prevalent among men than womenare attracted to other men is ultimately unclear. The “gay” movement seems to have adopted the line that it must be genetic, backed up by somewhat bizarre arguments about peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade Preparatory School, occasional homosexual behaviour among animals. But in fact no one really knows: it is as likely as not that current social policies that encourage marital breakdown lead to confused sexuality among boys, brought up without father figures. West School? Some combination of reasons could also be in play, not least because some men have gone “gay” in later life, raising questions over how stable sexuality is peer reviewed journal articles Сollege Preparatory School, throughout one’s life. The Christian church has long railed against homosexuality, whilst being a notable organisation in which homosexual activity has always flourished. Before the personal for college University Christian church embedded itself into reviewed scientific journal articles Preparatory School the culture of Western Europe, homosexual behaviour was much more widespread in ancient Rome and ancient Greece, tending to show that genetic factors are not the key to understanding homosexuality, and that social and cultural factors are the main drivers of articles College human sexuality. I tend to believe that the genetic instinct gives us the sexual urge, without specifying in detail the kinds of human beings that are to be regarded as sexually attractive. Of course, referring to homosexuality as a cultural phenomenon fits easily into the prevailing left-wing narrative concerning “cultural diversity”, which attempts to unpick the social and cultural norms of Western society to peer Chaminade Сollege, justify multi-culturalism, apparently with the aim of creating a society of people who no longer have cultural connections with each other, but are in the main clients of the state.

If the way things have been done for centuries in the West has not always been the way, or is essay Ardingly College, not the way in all societies, it is argued that our culture is worthless, or its worth is ultimately subjective, and so the norms of society should be shunted aside in favour of a more generous, “liberal” approach. There are many ramifications of this, but I wish to stick to theme of homosexuality here. Peer Reviewed Articles? Greek and Roman homosexuality appear to College, have been connected to the warrior culture: homosexual attraction was not seen as unmanly. It would be incorrect to impose modern notions of “gay identity” on the ancient world. There was no gay identity, and it is interesting to see that the peer scientific articles Preparatory School main form that homosexual relations took in ancient Greece was of relations between an older warrior and writing travel College a adolescent of 12-17 years of age. Reviewed Scientific Journal Articles Chaminade Сollege? Such relationships between people of different age groups are not really the intention of modern laws decriminalising homosexuality, where adolescents under 16 years of age are not seen as capable of giving consent to sexual activity (despite being almost universally engaged in help College it). Clearly, relationships between men and older youths in ancient Greece were not unmanly; neither did they detract in any way from masculinity. There was nothing “camp” or “queenie” about Greek homosexuality.

But if it was possible for reviewed scientific journal, one society to interpret human sexuality in a radically different way from the present, then couldn’t one argue that all cultural norms are essentially arbitrary? There is a problem for conservatives here, in that England was traditionally a free country in an essay hour House School most respects, and so we generally call for a restoration of our traditional cultural norms, and yet it is undeniable that the Christian narrative on sexuality had a deep impact on English culture. One could argue, however, that despite the mainstream nature of peer heterosexuality throughout English history, some degree of homosexuality was part of the social norm. There always has been an undercurrent of essay School homosexuality, and any attempt, legally, to create a society where all men adhered to heterosexual norms would in itself be a rejection of the realities of traditional England. Quite apart from homosexual attractions in the upper echelons of journal articles Chaminade School society (Richard the Lionheart, Edward II and James I spring to essay School, mind), there has for centuries been widespread practice of homosexuality among public schoolboys. Maybe this is why Roger Scruton in his England: An Elegy spoke of the homosexual nature of English culture.

It would be a gross misunderstanding to state that homosexuality has always been accepted, but England would not have been England without its undercurrent of relationships or sexual activity between men. Given that the Christian church is widely seen, even by peer reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege School, its supporters, to write, have erred in many of the peer reviewed scientific journal details of its teachings (e.g., on the Creation), I am wondering whether an English traditionalist approach could be devised that accepted the niche role of the church, and its architecture, liturgy and music, as a valued part of our culture, while also seeing that prohibitions against writing scholarship essay Buckland School harmless private behaviour need to be downplayed, especially where state sanctions are involved. Whatever eventually emerges from genetic search on peer reviewed scientific Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School the reasons for writing essay School, homosexuality and whatever the rights and wrongs of church teaching on the subject, libertarians could not support the scientific Сollege Preparatory criminalisation of homosexual acts, giving the state, as it would, the right to investigate what is going on in private bedrooms and behind closed doors. Laws against “sodomy” were repealed in 1967 in the case of participants over the age of 21, with the age of consent reduced in 2001 to 16. As far as I am concerned, this gives homosexualsand libertarians objecting to the criminalisation of sex between mennearly everything they want, albeit with a continuing question over the absurd classification of sexual acts with consenting 15-year-olds as “statutory rape”. Another question that libertarians could take a stance on is laws against “public indecency” in gay cruising grounds, such as Hampstead Heath in London. Write Lime School? In George Orwell’s 1984 , Winston Smith was able to escape the Chaminade Сollege School eyes of Big Brother by having sex in the woods, and in writing scholarship School any free society, unless the articles Сollege School state proposed to place cameras on the branches of every tree, sex in the woods is simply something that is going to travel articles Fanshawe, happen. It is not necessarily something a cultured person would engage in, but we are talking about the scientific Chaminade laws of a free country here. Sex behind bushes in known gay cruising grounds is not at all the argumentative Ardingly College same thing as similar behaviour out in the open in a way that would offend most people.

It is interesting to note that England did not always have laws against journal articles Chaminade Сollege homosexual acts. Before the 1533 Buggery Act, which criminalised anal sex, but not all homosexual acts, and specified hanging as the punishment, cases of “buggery”as it was charmingly knownwere handled by the ecclesiastical courts, with little evidence of any serious attempt to stamp out homosexual acts. Of course, in mediaeval times, people depended on hour House School their children in older age, and in a largely agrarian society without pensions and peer articles Preparatory other modern financial instruments, homosexuality as a public lifestyle, in contradistinction to furtive acts conducted by people who otherwise adhered to the general norms of family life, was unthinkable. The number of people put to death for scholarship essay Buckland, buggery was necessarily small, as evidence would generally have been lacking. The death penalty for buggery was abolished in 1861, and an 1885 Act of Parliament extended the peer scientific articles Chaminade sanction of imprisonment to all homosexual activity between men and not just sodomy. Writing Harrow? Not all English conservatives seem to realise that homosexual acts (the broader definition thereof) were only illegal for 82 years, and so there is nothing really traditionalist about regretting the scientific Chaminade School demise of the 1885 Act. It is sometimes claimed that one cannot be a libertarian without supporting homosexuality. Is that really so? I don’t think one can be libertarian without opposing the criminalisation of homosexuality, but that is essays for college Los Angeles (UCLA), another thing entirely. Surely libertarians should oppose attempts to criminalise homosexuality and vocal opposition to homosexuality in equal measure. Reviewed Journal Articles Сollege Preparatory School? The right of others to deprecate homosexuality was mentioned during the Parliamentary debate on decriminalisation of homosexuality in 1967, where the Earl of Arran, a sponsor of the bill, said.

I ask those who have, as it were, been in bondage and for writing Harrow School, whom the prison doors are now open to show their thanks by comporting themselves quietly and with dignity. This is no occasion for jubilation; certainly not for scientific journal Сollege School, celebration. Any form of ostentatious behaviour; now or in the future any form of public flaunting, would be utterly distasteful and would, I believe, make the sponsors of the Bill regret that they have done what they have done. Homosexuals must continue to remember that while there may be nothing bad in being a homosexual, there is certainly nothing good. Lest the opponents of the Bill think that a new freedom, a new privileged class, has been created, let me remind them that no amount of legislation will prevent homosexuals from being the subject of dislike and derision, or at best of pity. We shall always, I fear, resent the writing a good odd man out. Peer Scientific Journal Preparatory School? That is their burden for all time, and they must shoulder it like menfor men they are. [ Hansard , 21 July 1967 ] Adoption and Harrow civil partnerships. Decriminalisation did not mean that homosexuality was to be promoted in journal Chaminade School all arenas of argumentative life, much less than opposition to homosexuality was to be criminalised. Yet the gay agenda has developed along more or less extreme lines that Lord Arran indicated would have made the sponsors of the 1967 Bill regret their actions.

Not only can homosexual couplesor, worse, lone homosexual individualsadopt children today, opposition to such adoptions from the biological parents of children who have been taken into care is also ignored. Civil partnerships were a further development that seemed to peer journal articles Сollege, chip away at social norms, and now the government is talking about introducing “gay marriage”, as if marriage were not originally a religious concept in the first place. Much of this appears to many to be intent on creating a minority of people privileged by the state by dint of help me write College their statistically deviant behaviour. How should libertarians view these matters? As far as the scientific Preparatory adoption of children is concerned, the forgotten subjects of state intervention are the children. Travel? There is little evidence that raising children in novel and innovative household units is good for them: I am not denying that where one parent dies, the surviving spouse often remains a good parent. But to go out of our way to create family units where adopted children have a lone parent seems quixotic in reviewed articles Сollege Preparatory terms of public policy. Given that men and women are different, and fathers and mothers bring something different to the family and the child-rearing process, I pity the child who is argumentative Ardingly, adopted by order of the state by two men or two women, simply to make a political point. Many of these children will grow up with no ill effects, but it seems more sensible to give all adopted children the natural family environment of reviewed scientific Сollege Preparatory a father and a mother. Me Write Concord? There is nothing libertarian about extremist policies to the contrary. As far as civil partnerships are concerned, it is argued that taxation and inheritance systems treat married couples differently from single people, and so men in long-term relationships need ways of avoiding being treated as single people.

I think libertarians can be sympathetic to the idea that any committed peopleincluding two sisters and communes of many individualsshould be able to register as “fiscal units”, although our main approach is to scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege School, eliminate personal taxation, which resolves most questions of this type. Writing? Consequently, the civil partnership arrangement should stay, although “ceremonies” organised by the state that appear to mimic marriage should end: civil partnership should be a simple application form in the post, and if the individuals concerned wish to have a party, then it would be up to them to organise it. The problem is partly the state’s view of marriage. Peer Journal Articles Chaminade Сollege? Once marriage was taken out of the scholarship West hands of the church and made a preserve of the statewhich is what civil marriages in registry offices amount toarguably, heterosexual marriage was downgraded to the status now occupied by civil partnerships. For marriage is not about becoming a “fiscal unit” for the purposes of state revenue collection; in Christian theology, a man and a woman become “one flesh”.

Although not originally related to each other, matrimony makes them one flesh, relatives of each other, a suitable state in which to approach the bearing of children. Two men cannot become “one flesh” in this way, precisely because they cannot have children together. Similarly, marriage is a vow in peer reviewed scientific journal articles Preparatory the sight of God. Whatever one’s views on the existence of God or otherwise, the nature of a vow is that it cannot be revoked, whether by the church or by the state. A solemn vow binds the personal Los Angeles individual for life (and I include here the articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School Coronation Oath and judicial and travel articles political oaths of peer reviewed scientific journal School office). To claim that the state can “divorce” a couple makes a mockery of the vow, and writing essay for ielts means the couple were not really “one flesh” all along: civil marriage is therefore just civil partnership. The reason why I oppose “gay marriage” is that the state cannot make anyone “one flesh”. It is a detail of peer journal Preparatory Christian theology that the sacrament of matrimony does accomplish this in writing travel Fanshawe College the case of a man and a woman, and this theology is backed up by articles Сollege Preparatory School, the biological reality that a man and a woman do become related to each other (“one flesh”) by writing for ielts, their joint relationship to and through their children. Even if the state hands out scientific articles Preparatory School, certificates saying two men are “married”, they cannot be married, any more than UK passports handed out to Africans make them truly British.

I would like to abolish divorce too and writing a good scholarship essay Buckland go for a dual-track approach: if you wish to get married in church, to journal articles Preparatory School, take solemn vows, which may or may not mean anything to any Supreme Being that may exist, then the state cannot declare those vows defunct; but if you wish merely to get married “in the eyes of the state”, then a man and woman should be able to send a civil partnership application form to the government in the way I outlined above or enter a civil partnership at a registry office, in writing essays University the same way that two men can. Such civil partnerships should not contain solemn vows, and could therefore be dissolved by the state. I will later in this article argue, however, that libertarians should not officially take a position against gay marriage for peer reviewed scientific articles Chaminade Preparatory, tactical reasons. One area where libertarians must take a clear view is the use of Ardingly state power to crush opposition to homosexuality, which seems many times more determined than the rare use of the law against homosexual acts before 1967. People must be free to express their views on homosexuality.

Yet the spread of scientific articles Chaminade Сollege notions of political correctness appears to turn people into “tolerance machines”, people whose views have all been decided for them by the state, and who have no business other than to argumentative Ardingly, repeat the views intoned in the media and the education system. Peer Reviewed Chaminade? For this reason, I am reluctant to say that libertarians “should” feel favourably or unfavourably disposed to homosexuality. People, including libertarians, who are instinctively averse to writing travel articles College, homosexuality, as I am to lesbianism, should feel no compunction about saying so, although, as stated above, support for state sanctions for homosexuality is another issue entirely, well beyond any reasonable turf for reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade Preparatory, any real libertarian. All laws designed to essay West Buckland School, “enforce” acceptance of homosexuality should be abolished. Not only do people have to be careful at work nowadays how they express themselves on the subjectthe authorities are only peer journal Preparatory, too eager to destroy the careers of those who step out of linelaws against freedom of help me write an essay College association are also being used to crush dissent. In 2011, two gay men won £3,600 in damages after being turned away from a bed and breakfast guesthouse in peer scientific Chaminade Cornwall and a number of similar cases have come to help me write Concord, light . Peer Reviewed Scientific Journal Chaminade Preparatory? Such “discrimination” is illegal, and it seems gay men have a licence to cash in where they know the owners of a BB are Christians. Anti-discrimination laws are a fundamental plank in a coercive approach to creating a multi-cultural society. Nevertheless, particularly in the case of family-run businesses, the owners have the rightthe moral right, not the legal rightto offer their services to customers on personal whatever basis they choose.

It is undoubtedly more than a little petty for BB owners to lay down rules on who can sleep in double beds, but their religious or political beliefs may be strongly held, and it is not for anyone else to tell them they may not act upon them. In the case of large hotels or other non-family-run businesses, I think the principle still applies, that the owners of the business have the right to specify who they will serve. But in the case of large companies, it should be the scientific articles Chaminade Preparatory School shareholders, at Harrow an annual general meeting, who decide, and not some little Hitler of a manager who doesn’t even own the company. Journal Articles Chaminade Preparatory? I think it highly unlikely the shareholders of any company would demand discriminatory policies, as companies have an interest in expanding their customer bases, and me write an essay Concord College so the issue only really crops up with small family-run businesses, giving the lie to the claim that laws against articles discrimination are required to writing personal for college Los Angeles, enable gay men and peer reviewed scientific Chaminade Preparatory other favoured minorities to an essay in an hour Lime House School, function in society. Finally, equality before the law should be re-established. This means that laws labelling certain crimes as “hate crimes” and peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade Сollege imposing stiffer penalties on them should be abolished.

This is write an essay in an School, not the reviewed journal articles Сollege Preparatory same thing as supporting hate crimesI don’t support thembut surely it makes sense for the law to criminalise assault and battery of all members of society to an equal degree, without distinction. An interesting question is homosexuality in the armed forces. As male-dominated organisations, the armed forces are, like the church, a historic focus of homosexual employment. Travel Articles College? Homosexual activity between sailors is nothing new. Reviewed Scientific Articles Chaminade Preparatory? What should the official policy on homosexual employment in the armed forces be? Firstly, I think it important to state that, in writing essay extreme situations, such as wartime, all members of society have to peer reviewed scientific journal articles Preparatory, be prepared to defend that society. That is writing scholarship essay West School, what membership of society means. Maybe some libertarians would claim that conscription should not be implemented in a free society. However, by the time war breaks out, social freedoms are the last thing on the government’s mind. Warfare, especially when the nation is under attack, and not attacking other countries, is an extreme event, and many of the social niceties disappear overnight. Consequently, I am opposed to allowing conscientious objectors to peer reviewed scientific Chaminade Preparatory School, absent themselves from the armed forces while others are being conscripted.

But, by personal of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), the same token, homosexuality cannot be a sufficient reason to avoid the draft either. Peer Journal Articles Сollege School? It is absurd for any society to hold that gay man cannot fight for the country: in wartime, there may be little choice. However, I see no reason why military discipline should not require decorum of members of the armed forces, and “camp” behaviour or constant ribald discussion of gay sex in army barracks in a way likely to give rise to offence, should be deemed to contravene military discipline. Army officers should be in a position to insist that public decency is maintained at all times and that the issue doesn’t become a cause for strife between soldiers. I will address ecclesiastical homosexuality in passing here. As the church, if it is to be a church, and not just a conveyor belt for political propaganda, has to be faithful to its teachings dating back millennia, I see no why priests should publicly proclaim their homosexuality without being defrockedif they are gay, why are they trying to subvert the church by joining it in writing a good scholarship essay School order to scientific Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School, flout its commands? The preaching of homosexual rights from the pulpit should lead to the rapid defenestration of the University (UCLA) vicar.

Nonetheless, a realistic acceptance that many priests are gay is appropriate in journal articles Сollege Preparatory School the context where many of the help me write an essay College church’s teachings are no longer sustainable as historic or scientific truth. This means we shouldn’t poke around in a vicar’s private life to find out if he is peer scientific Сollege, gay, and if it becomes known that he is gay without his seeking to flaunt himself, then a logical approach would be to ignore it. As with the armed forces, if public decorum is maintained, there is little reason to launch witch-hunts. Interestingly, as sexuality becomes politicised, it has also become more fluid. Writing Personal University Los Angeles? The women of England seem to reviewed journal articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School, be getting less feminine as the men of England become less masculine. One example of this is the an essay College metrosexual phenomenon, of which the football player, David Beckham, is articles Сollege Preparatory, one example. Young “straight” men today worry about their appearance more than before, have more creams and potions in their bathroom cabinets, and even engage in what I regard as the personal for college University of California, unmanly habit of shaving their body hair. When I was a teenager, such things would have been seen as effeminate. Looking around my local gym, it is clear that many of the younger men are rather feminine, or even effeminate, in appearance. The days when heterosexuality meant raw masculinity are long gone. One could argue that a supine population that allows the state to determine their views on race, culture and sexuality is less manly that what went before.

For this reason alone, I think libertarians could lament the decline of masculinity. Would “real men” have allowed their primary-school-age children to be bombarded with propaganda on anal sex? Intriguingly, and with an reviewed articles Preparatory eye on Ardingly College ancient Greece where homosexual relationships were not seen as diminishing one’s masculinity, this opens up the prospect of a redefinition of masculinity. If many of the “straight” lads are a good deal more effeminate than some of the gay men, then who are the real pansies? It was while I was thinking along these lines that I came across Jack Donovan’s website , where his books on “androphilia” and masculinity are listed. Reviewed Journal Articles Chaminade Preparatory School? Apparently, Jack Donovan is an American androphilea man who likes menwho does not identify with the “gay” culture. Me Write Concord College? The “gay” word is problematic for me, as it is politically loaded as an earlier attempt to “rebrand” homosexuality, and the gay culture that has been created around it seems to categorise gay men as soft, soppy, sissyish, something that homosexual acts were not associated with in ancient Greece. But a glance at the gay club scene also turns up dungeons, leather and chains, and one could also question whether anal sex (not the scientific articles Chaminade Preparatory only form of gay sex, it should be added) is really sissyish at all: arguably, it is sex at its most primeval, sex in the animal sense; not really effeminate at all. Jack Donovan explained his ideas thus : The word gay has never described mere homosexuality. Gay is writing travel articles Fanshawe, a subculture, a slur, a set of gestures, a slang, a look, a posture, a parade, a rainbow flag, a film genre, a taste in music, a hairstyle, a marketing demographic, a bumper sticker, a political agenda and peer articles School philosophical viewpoint. Gay is a pre-packaged, superficial personaa lifestyle.

It’s a sexual identity that has almost nothing to essay argumentative Ardingly College, do with sexuality. Androphilia is a rejection of the overloaded gay identity and a return to a discussion of homosexuality in terms of desire. The gay sensibility is a near-oblivious embrace of a castrating slur, the non-stop celebration of an age-old, emasculating stigma applied to journal articles Preparatory School, men who engaged in an essay in an Lime homosexual acts. Peer Reviewed Scientific Chaminade? Gays and radical queers imagine that they challenge the status quo, but in Ardingly College appropriating the stigma of effeminacy, they merely conform to and confirm long-established expectations. Homosexual men have been paradoxically cast as the reviewed scientific Chaminade Сollege School enemies of masculinityslaves to the feminist pipe dream of a ‘gender-neutral’ (read: anti-male, pro-female) world. Androphilia is a manifesto full of truly dangerous ideas: that men can have sex with men and retain their manhood, that homosexuality can be about championing a masculine ideal rather than attacking it, and that the “oppressive construct of masculinity” despised by help an essay Concord, the gay community could actually enrich and improve the reviewed scientific articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory lives of homosexual and bisexual men. Writing For Ielts Harrow School? Androphilia is for those men who never really bought what the gay community was selling. It is a challenge to leave the gay world completely behind and to rejoin the world of men, unapologetically, as androphiles, but more importantly, as men. I don’t know how far Jack Donovan’s ideas on masculinity and androphilia will spread, but I think it is at least possible that the peer reviewed scientific Chaminade relationship between homosexuality and College effeminacy (or, conversely, between heterosexuality and masculinity) is breaking down, and it would be interesting to see the outcome. As sexuality seems more fluidI could well believe that 46% of men have felt attraction to a man at some point (the unattractiveness of the average British female may play a role in this)more young men may be interested in an androphile alternative than in becoming gay per journal Chaminade Preparatory School, se . And a resurgence of masculinity in society would be a good thing.

I haven’t yet had chance to buy Donovan’s book, so I don’t know if AIDS is mentioned therein. But I would argue that turning the writing personal for college University (UCLA) gay “community” into a vehicle for AIDS propaganda and the distribution of condoms represents part of the effeminate culture of gayness. Real sex, whether between men and women or between two men, is peer reviewed articles Сollege Preparatory, without intervention of write an essay Lime rubber. Another point I don’t know whether Donovan makes is that in journal Preparatory order to become masculine, gay men must stop sliding into a kind of an essay gingerbread group for political correctness. Real masculinity includes applauding the expression of peer journal articles Сollege School real views by writing University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), real people. Calling on scientific articles Сollege Preparatory School the state to travel articles Fanshawe, solve your battles is unmanly, and it would tend to paint all gay men as a group of extremists lobbying for more intervention by peer scientific journal Chaminade Сollege, the technocracy. Writing Personal University (UCLA)? In fact, prejudice against homosexuality would appear to peer scientific journal articles Chaminade School, be largely justified in essay for ielts School England today on political grounds, given the way that leading gay activists appear on journal articles Chaminade Сollege School our television screens calling for more laws against discrimination and for sterner punishment of dissenters. Libertarians may well feel inclined, if not to support criminalisation of Ardingly College homosexuality, then to articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School, see the official gay movement and essay argumentative Ardingly College its spokesmen are enemies of reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege a free country. Yet, curiously, most gay men I have ever met have opposed gay marriage and help College the adoption of children by Chaminade Preparatory, homosexuals. Jack Donovan has also spoken out against gay marriage in an interesting article on the Alternative Right website : Same-sex marriage, however good its proponents believe it might be for homosexuals, is essentially an write an essay in an Lime School attempt to subvert the cultural primacy of the reproductive family. Gays will not allow themselves to consider the fact that this spells death for peer reviewed articles Chaminade School, civilizations, and writing a good scholarship West Buckland School that society has a rational interest in promoting big, patriarchal families above all other arrangements.

The idea that somehow, without any cultural apparatus to encourage or foster it, men and women will naturally take on the burden of raising a large family at any cost is simply absurd and proven wrong by below-replacement-level birth rates in Europe. Scientific Articles Preparatory? Cultures that don’t place the highest value on reproductive families die out, and their numbers are replaced by cultures that do. It’s happening in Europe, and it’s happening in the US. While alternative relationships need not be openly scorned, and essay College they may deserve some sort of reasonable accommodation, it isn’t in the best interest of Western Civilizationor any civilizationto morally or institutionally equate reproductive and non-reproductive sexuality. Reproductive sexuality is an indispensable building block of civilization; it serves society as a whole. Non-reproductive sexuality is, in the big picture, basically a “feel-good”. There is some truth in the idea that homosexuality was symptomatic of the downfall of ancient Rome. There is no direct connection between the two, but Romans lolling about in peer scientific journal Сollege Preparatory bath-houses engaged in sex were leading too soft a life, and unsurprisingly fell at the hands of the barbarians. Bread and circusesand sexcreated an write an essay in an image of scientific Сollege Preparatory School debauchery that Christians have down the centuries condemned. Arguably, our societies today have fallen victim to the same effete, effeminate social trends. Welfarism, family breakdown and divorce, the compensation culture and writing a good essay West the sexualisation of peer scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory mainstream culture all form part of our social decline and I don’t see how libertarianism can accomplish any of its goals by supporting these trends.

These trends all lead to greater social intervention to repair the inevitable social problems thrown up. One could argue that homosexuality has degraded the wider culture, by creating the goal of essay no-strings-attached sex. Now nightclubs are full of men and women in their 30s and 40s trying to play the field still, where once they would have been looking after their children at home. Clearly, this is an option for gay men, with no children, but for peer reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege, men and women with children to attempt to behave in the same libertine manner has many negative social consequences. I would respond by removing all government subsidies for family breakdown, including welfare for unmarried mothers. If people have children, they must accept the help me write an essay Concord responsibility that entails. However, just as Roman debauchery was only a problem in the closing days of the Empiresex between men was hardly the direct cause of the fall of the Empire, and was at one point a factor in strengthening society by promoting relationships between older and younger members of the warrior classso it would be inaccurate to see homosexuality as always leading to the decline of a society. Our societies are too soft. The decline of masculinity has many causes, but homosexuality per peer scientific journal articles, se is not emasculating.

So libertarians should broadly support the right to gay sex, while focusing their condemnation on the illiberal attempts to close down dissent and enforce acceptance of homosexuality. I have made clear my distaste for argumentative College, gay marriage, and peer journal articles Chaminade Preparatory indeed my preference for abolition of divorce and writing a good essay West other policies designed to prevent family breakdown. However, there is always a hierarchy of policies of greater or lesser importance to political movements, and laws that impinge on 1.5% of the scientific Chaminade Сollege population, with the writing a good scholarship essay Buckland numbers taking up the chance to “marry” in registry offices likely to be only in the hundreds, need to be seen in perspective. Consequently, libertarians need to adopt a strategic approach. Peer Journal Chaminade Preparatory? The really big issue for articles, libertarianism is the panoply of multi-culturalism that is the real driver behind the reviewed scientific articles Preparatory loss of our freedoms. There is a distinct possibility that appearing obsessed on the gay issue would prevent a wider hearing for our ideas on social freedom.

For this reason, while libertarians will have a range of opinions on the subject of gay marriage, the libertarian movement itself should adopt a neutral stance on the issue. Oddly enough, just as many gays, feeling, as they are in many ways, like social outsiders, became a Trojan Horse for political correctness, there are a number of well-known homosexuals, including the British historian, David Starkey, who will push the boundaries of what can be said on a good scholarship essay Buckland School the race issue. Homosexuality, until the late 1980s at least, used to have a considerable aura of daring about it, bringing down social taboos and reviewed journal articles School transgressing social norms. The reinvention of homosexuality as just another strand of the writing Harrow state’s attempt to create a cowed population has taken the audaciousness out of the peer School homosexual experience: is it any wonder that men who like men sometimes take the lead in a politically correct society by saying the College unsayable in other areas? Clearly people like David Starkey have something to peer scientific articles Preparatory School, contribute to the advance of the libertarian movement in the UK, and so the contours of essay for ielts masculinity and support for reviewed scientific journal School, state intervention have become confused and could become even more so in the future. Let’s have fewer young men depilating their groins and putting gel on their hair, and more young men of all sexual orientations insisting on their right to say and think what they like. A free country would be a country for real men! By Keir Martland. Conservative Party Politicians. Into the Cannibal's Pot: Lessons for America from Post-Apartheid South Africa. The University Outside State Control.

Arnold Harris Mathew and the Old Catholic Movement in England 1908-52. Joseph-Rene Vilatte (1854-1929): Some aspects of his life, work and succession. Going Galactic (Novel) Honest Common Sense: A Brief Philosophy for Honest, Civil Human Beings. Fiction by Sean Gabb. The Churchill Memorandum. The Column of scholarship West School Phocas. Non-fiction by peer reviewed articles Preparatory School, Sean Gabb. Acts of the writing scholarship essay Apostles: A Greek, Latin and English Parallel Text, Being an Aid for Adults to the Easier Learning of the Classical Languages. Freedom of Speech in England. Cultural Revolution, Culture War.

Smoking, Class and the Legitimation of Power. War and the National Interest: Arguments for a British Foreign Policy. Dispatches from a Dying Country. The Land Question in Classical Liberal Thought and the Georgist Contribution to Classical Liberalism: A Bibliography. The Eurosceptical Directory: Being a selected annotated bibliography of the best critical writings on the European project. Freedom, Healthcare and peer scientific journal Welfare Policy: A Selected Bibliography: A Resource Guide for essay Harrow, Policy Makers, Politicians, Researchers, Academics, Healthcare Workers and Businessmen. The Works of Arthur Seldon (1916-2005): A Bibliography.

Novels by Richard Blake. (Coming again Soon!) Books Partly by Sean Gabb. Down with Power: Libertarian Policy in a Time of journal Сollege Preparatory School Crisis (L. Neil Smith, Introduction by Sean Gabb) Economy and Virtue.

Truancy in English Secondary Schools. Don't Fence Me in: Essays on the Rational Truant.

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experiences essay My Learning Experience – Learning English. My efforts to learn to read, write and peer reviewed articles Chaminade Preparatory School, speak English have been significant challenge in my life. When I first came to United States from Hong Kong about essay argumentative Ardingly College, 12 years ago, I could speak, read and peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory, write almost no English. Today, although I still have much to learn, and a good essay West School, I struggle every day, I have made a good amount of progress.

I grew up in journal articles Preparatory a small village in mainland China. No one I knew spoke English. I wasn’t exposed to English through books, magazines or TV. I spent my teenage years in Hong Kong. Although English is common in Hong Kong due to its history, I still couldn’t speak, read or write much English after graduating high school. But living in Hong Kong exposed me to Western culture through movies, music and other media. I began working at argumentative Ardingly College, entry level jobs after high school.

But I wasn’t fulfilled. I was always more outgoing and peer reviewed journal articles School, adventurous than other Chinese women, even back to help Concord College my days in the village in peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade the mainland. As time went by writing a good scholarship I felt stifled by the culture and my career opportunities seemed limited. I was drawn to the freedom and the opportunities the U.S. offers, especially for women. Journal Chaminade Сollege! I began thinking what it would be like to live in the West, the United States. But it seemed impossible, only a dream.

I continued to work and save my money and think about another life. Then, in my early 20s, I decided to finally go for it. I would move to New York City. Help Me Write An Essay Concord! It seemed like the center of everything and was the scientific journal Chaminade Preparatory only place to writing essay School go. So I took my savings, borrowed some more money from my family, and set out on scientific articles Chaminade School my journey. I was determined to help me write an essay College make new life for myself in New York. But I didn’t want to end up speaking only Chinese and peer reviewed scientific journal Chaminade Preparatory School, living in Chinatown. I wanted to be strong American woman, I knew that learning English was very important for success. It was very difficult and lonely at first. I lived in me write Concord Bronx.

It seemed like another world and another culture. It was different than Hong Kong, there was a lot of reviewed scientific Сollege, crime, the streets and subway were dirty and writing personal University of California,, often scary. Without speaking much English it was difficult to journal Chaminade Сollege Preparatory make friends. I was far from Chinatown or Flushing, so it was difficult for me to help College even make Chinese friends that could help me. I didn’t have a teacher at first, so I tried every way I could to learn English. One way that was very useful was listening to radio and watching TV, mostly news. The people spoke more clearly and easier to understand than English I heard people speaking in my neighborhood. Still, it was difficult.

I picked up one word at a time, and looked them up in the dictionary. Journal Chaminade Preparatory School! I would also try to write down the words and remember them. I made a goal of learning at least 20 new words every day. I tried to speak like the newscasters. After a while I made friends, and they were another way I learned English. I would ask them about the words I heard on TV and radio. I would also learn a lot just from spending time with them and listening to them speak. My very good friends were patient with me and helped me a lot. After a while I realized to be successful in the U.S. you have to go to college. But I knew it would be very difficult because of my English.

So I decided to major in writing West School accounting because it didn’t require as much writing as others. Even studying accounting was difficult, but I was good in peer journal articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory School math and working with numbers was familiar and gave me confidence. It also helped me learn English. I learned English in my other courses too, and took English classes, which were wonderful and write hour School, very helpful. I often became discouraged. Unlike my friends, some people were impatient with my lack of English ability, whether on campus or in daily life. In one way I could understand their feelings. But on peer scientific journal articles Preparatory School the other hand they seem narrow minded, as if they had never been to another country and had to write hour Lime House struggle with new language. Peer Chaminade Сollege School! I realized I should avoid these people because they made me feel depressed and for ielts Harrow School, lose my ambition. Sometimes it felt as if I’d never be able to get through college because of the peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade Preparatory School language. Sometimes I just wanted to quit and go back to China where it was more comfortable and I had my family.

But I had a goal of in an hour School, becoming an American citizen, speaking English and peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade Сollege Preparatory, making a life for myself here. Those goals kept me pushing myself to keep learning English. After a while I was able to get a job as a bookkeeper. So I was working and going to an essay hour House School college, which was more difficult and exhausting. But having a job gave me confidence and slowly I was getting better at English and making more friends.

Day by day I noticed myself getting better. The little successes I had gave me the energy to keep going. After graduating college I was able to get jobs as an accountant. My accounting skills were more important than my English ability, although my English continued to improve. My growing circle of English friends and co-workers really helped too. Last year I decided to apply for U.S. citizenship. I had to study the U.S. history and show that I had basic English ability. Learning history helped me understand American culture better and helped my English too. The English part of the test turned out to be easy, and I passed the history test too and became an American citizen. Although I have a long way to go, when I look back at my ability when I first came to the U.S. compared to now, I feel a sense of accomplishment. Peer Scientific Journal Articles Сollege! But I’m not satisfied.

I want to continue to learn English so I can achieve my next big goal of leaving accounting and working in sales and marketing. The key for selling is communication. I know that English is writing personal very important for this type of job which is why I am taking this class and other English and writing classes. I have since taken several learning styles tests. The results confirm my experiences in scientific Preparatory School learning English over the years. Writing For Ielts Harrow! The tests they showed that I am mainly a visual learner – I learn by seeing and looking. The test said that second I was a kinesthetic learner and then an auditory learner.

As I have described above, in learning English has been easiest for me to reviewed scientific Chaminade Сollege Preparatory see and try to write the language using written materials. Me Write An Essay Concord College! This also confirms why it has been more difficult for me in learning English by hearing and reviewed scientific articles Chaminade Сollege School, speaking. I have spent a lot of time trying to listen, hear and speak English because it is so important for learning a language, and it explains why this was always very difficult for essay College, me. So in my case, the learning styles test is accurate. There have been many articles written by scholars on the topic of learning styles. Reviewed Scientific Articles! I read four of them. The first was “Classroom Styles,” by Robert J. Sternberg, published September 27, 2011 in Insider Higher Ed. Write An Essay In An Hour House School! The author states there is “compelling evidence for the existence of diverse styles of learning” but admits that not all psychologists and educators agree. The article discusses variety of factors that impact how well students learn.

Sternberg states that there are 13 different styles of learning including the “legislative” style (people who like to come up with their own ideas and do things in their own way), “executive” style (people who prefer to peer reviewed journal articles Chaminade be given more structure and guidance or even told what to do) and writing travel articles Fanshawe, “judicial” style (people who prefer to evaluate and judge things, especially the peer journal Chaminade Preparatory School work of others). Writing Essays For College Los Angeles! Sternberg then discusses that students, professors and schools all favor or reward these different ways of learning. Thus, a student may have his or her own particular style of learning; a professor may teach based on his or her own learning style; and schools may favor or reward certain styles of learning depending on peer reviewed scientific Chaminade School the schools’ policies and culture. All three of these preferences can affect how well a student performs in a particular class at write House, a particular college. The second article I read was “Learning Styles and Strategies” by Richard M. Felder and Barbara A. Solomon. The article discusses and compares four sets learning styles. 1. Active Learners – people who “tend to retain and understand information best by peer scientific articles Сollege doing something active with it” such as discussing or applying it or explaining to others, and essay Ardingly College, Reflective Learners – people who “prefer to peer reviewed journal articles School think about it quietly first.” 2. Sensing Learners – people who like learning facts, like solving problems using well established methods and are practical and essay, careful, and reviewed journal articles Сollege Preparatory School, Intuitive Learners – people who “prefer discovering possibilities and help College, relationships” and are good at grasping new concepts and abstract ideas.

3. Visual Learners – people who remember what they see, such as pictures, diagrams, charts, time lines, films and demonstrations, and Verbal Learners – people who “get more out of words—written and reviewed journal articles Preparatory School, spoken explanations.” 4. Sequential Learners – people who “gain understanding in linear steps, with each step following logically from the previous one,” and Global Learners – people who “learn in large jumps, absorbing material almost randomly without seeing connections, and then suddenly getting it.” The article discusses that most people have combinations of for ielts Harrow School, these four sets of different learning styles, but most people are stronger in one style compared to the other. The article recommends that students in scientific journal articles Chaminade courses that are taught using a style different than their natural style should compensate by writing for ielts Harrow using their natural learning style when studying on their own. The third article I read was “Matching Teaching Style to Learning Style May Not Help Students,” by David Glenn, published December 15, 2009 in peer journal articles The Chronicle. The author main point is that contrary to argumentative Ardingly College opinion of many psychologists and educators, a new study by scientific journal Preparatory four psychologists says there is travel Fanshawe College no evidence of any benefits of scientific journal Chaminade Сollege School, a teacher matching his or her instruction to the learning styles of the writing travel articles College students and reviewed scientific journal articles Chaminade School, that teachers should not attempt to do so. The study asserts that “no one has ever proved that any particular style of writing essay West School, instruction simultaneously helps students who have one learning style while also harming students who have a different learning style.” It’s a “waste” of reviewed articles Chaminade Сollege, time to try to determine the learning styles of students and match that to instruction. Instead, the essay for ielts School study says that teachers should match the peer scientific journal articles Chaminade Preparatory School instruction to content of the course. Some concepts are best for hands-on work, others for lectures and others for writing a good scholarship Buckland, group discussions. But the new study has been criticized as not in-depth enough and did not considering all of the other studies in the area. Even one famous professor in this area who agrees that the new study is not in-depth enough, David A. Kolb, professional of peer scientific journal articles Сollege, organizational behavior at Case Western Reserve University, also agrees with the main conclusion of the new study that there is no evidence so far that teachers should tailor their instruction to the students’ learning styles. Fourth, “Using Learning Styles to Adapt Technology for Higher Education,” by Terry O’Connor, of Indiana State University.

The author says that teachers and universities often offer students only a narrow choice of learning styles and that a larger choice of styles will help more students be more successful. The author discusses different types of learning styles and says that teachers also have their own learning styles that affect the way they teach. Essay School! The main goal is to increase the types of learning and peer reviewed scientific journal Preparatory, teaching styles so that more students have a better chance of academic success. The author then says that technology can assist in writing increasing the types of learning styles available to students. The technology should not only be used to do electronically what we have done before off-line. Instead it should also be used to take advantage of the characteristics of scientific journal articles Chaminade Сollege School, each type of technology. Me Write College! For example, basic software programs that offer encyclopedic collections, drills or demonstrations can be “learning centers” for students. Reviewed School! Presentation software such as PowerPoint can add visuals that help left and right brain thinkers. E-mail, such as listservers, can extend the discussion beyond the writing Fanshawe College classroom and bulletin boards can increase the interaction between students or between students and the teacher. Reviewed Scientific Articles Chaminade Сollege! Database programs can assist students in writing essay for ielts School illustrating various scenarios. Thinking back on the way I have learned English over the many years, it is clear I am visual learner -- I learn by seeing and looking.

I had the most success when reading and using written materials. I enjoyed reading books, newspapers and magazines and I found that I was able to retain knowledge, information and even pronunciation when using written materials. Of course I also understood that it is very important in learning language to peer scientific Сollege School be able to essay speak and listen. Scientific Journal Articles Chaminade Сollege School! So I spent lot of time trying to write House School develop these skills, and used variety of sources, including television, radio and my friends, but it was very difficult for me. When I studied learning styles and took the learning styles tests they confirmed my experiences learning English.

I am mainly visual learner. The results explains why I have had most difficulty hearing and speaking -- because I am weakest as auditory learner. I am somewhere in peer scientific journal articles Preparatory the middle as kinesthetic learner, which also makes sense, because I am an active person and enjoy learning and experiencing things by doing and participation. As I continue my college studies I now understand that when studying a subject that is most easily learned by using auditory skills or when completing a project or task that is auditory, I must make extra effort and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), take extra time on peer scientific Preparatory my own to try to learn material using visual methods I am most comfortable with and then try to learn using auditory method. I also learned that I will probably have the most success in writing articles Fanshawe courses where the scientific articles Сollege School subject matter is best learned using visual methods. Felder, Richard M. and Soloman, Barbara A., “Learning Styles and Strategies.” North Carolina State University, undated. Web. 23 Feb. 2012.

Sternberg, Robert J., “Classroom Styles.” Inside Higher Ed. Inside Higher Ed, 27 Sept. Write In An House School! 2011. Web. 23 Feb. Peer Reviewed Scientific Journal Articles Chaminade Preparatory! 2012.

O’Connor, Terry, “Using Learning Styles to Adapt Technology for Higher Education.” . Indiana State University, Undated. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. Glenn, David, “Matching Teaching Style to Learning Style May Not Help Students.” The Chronicle. The Chronicle, 15 Dec. 2009. Web. 23 Feb.

2012. Edmundson, Mark, “Do Sports Build Character or Damage It?” The Chronicle. The Chronicle, 15 Jan. 2012. Web. 09 Feb. 2012.